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Cover image for Day 48: AVL Tree

Day 48: AVL Tree

mattryanmtl profile image Matt Ryan ・2 min read
public class Day48 {

    private Node root;

    private class Node {
        private int key;
        private int balance;
        private Node left, right, parent;

        Node(int k, Node p) {
            key = k;
            parent = p;
        }
    }

    public boolean insert(int key) {
        if (root == null)
            root = new Node(key, null);
        else {
            Node n = root;
            Node parent;
            while (true) {
                if (n.key == key)
                    return false;

                parent = n;

                boolean goLeft = n.key > key;
                n = goLeft ? n.left : n.right;

                if (n == null) {
                    if (goLeft) {
                        parent.left = new Node(key, parent);
                    } else {
                        parent.right = new Node(key, parent);
                    }
                    rebalance(parent);
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

    public void delete(int delKey) {
        if (root == null)
            return;
        Node n = root;
        Node parent = root;
        Node delNode = null;
        Node child = root;

        while (child != null) {
            parent = n;
            n = child;
            child = delKey >= n.key ? n.right : n.left;
            if (delKey == n.key)
                delNode = n;
        }

        if (delNode != null) {
            delNode.key = n.key;

            child = n.left != null ? n.left : n.right;

            if (root.key == delKey) {
                root = child;
            } else {
                if (parent.left == n) {
                    parent.left = child;
                } else {
                    parent.right = child;
                }
                rebalance(parent);
            }
        }
    }

    private void rebalance(Node n) {
        setBalance(n);

        if (n.balance == -2) {
            if (height(n.left.left) >= height(n.left.right))
                n = rotateRight(n);
            else
                n = rotateLeftThenRight(n);

        } else if (n.balance == 2) {
            if (height(n.right.right) >= height(n.right.left))
                n = rotateLeft(n);
            else
                n = rotateRightThenLeft(n);
        }

        if (n.parent != null) {
            rebalance(n.parent);
        } else {
            root = n;
        }
    }

    private Node rotateLeft(Node a) {

        Node b = a.right;
        b.parent = a.parent;

        a.right = b.left;

        if (a.right != null)
            a.right.parent = a;

        b.left = a;
        a.parent = b;

        if (b.parent != null) {
            if (b.parent.right == a) {
                b.parent.right = b;
            } else {
                b.parent.left = b;
            }
        }

        setBalance(a, b);

        return b;
    }

    private Node rotateRight(Node a) {

        Node b = a.left;
        b.parent = a.parent;

        a.left = b.right;

        if (a.left != null)
            a.left.parent = a;

        b.right = a;
        a.parent = b;

        if (b.parent != null) {
            if (b.parent.right == a) {
                b.parent.right = b;
            } else {
                b.parent.left = b;
            }
        }

        setBalance(a, b);

        return b;
    }

    private Node rotateLeftThenRight(Node n) {
        n.left = rotateLeft(n.left);
        return rotateRight(n);
    }

    private Node rotateRightThenLeft(Node n) {
        n.right = rotateRight(n.right);
        return rotateLeft(n);
    }

    private int height(Node n) {
        if (n == null)
            return -1;
        return 1 + Math.max(height(n.left), height(n.right));
    }

    private void setBalance(Node... nodes) {
        for (Node n : nodes)
            n.balance = height(n.right) - height(n.left);
    }

    public void printBalance(PrintStream out) {
        printBalance(root, out);
    }

    private void printBalance(Node n, PrintStream out) {
        if (n != null) {
            printBalance(n.left, out);
            out.printf("%s ", n.balance);
            printBalance(n.right, out);
        }
    }


}
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