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How to scrape Google Search organic results with Node.js?

Mikhail Zub
JavaScript developer
・4 min read

Intro

I would like to tell you how to scrape Google Search organic results with Node.js.

Preparation

First, we need to create a Node.js project and add npm packages "Axios" and "Cheerio". To do this, in the directory with our project create index.js file, open the command line and enter:
npm init -y
then enter:
npm i axios cheerio

What will be scraped

Organic results

Process

The following GIF shows the process of selecting Link, Title and Snippet CSS selectors using SelectorGadget Chrome extension.
grab CSS selectors

Code

const cheerio = require("cheerio");
const axios = require("axios");

const searchString = "google";
const encodedString = encodeURI(searchString);

const AXIOS_OPTIONS = {
  headers: {
    "User-Agent":
      "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/74.0.3729.157 Safari/537.36",
  },
};

function getOrganicResults() {
  return axios
    .get(
      `https://www.google.com/search?q=${encodedString}&hl=en&gl=us`,
      AXIOS_OPTIONS
    )
    .then(function ({ data }) {
      let $ = cheerio.load(data);

      const links = [];
      const titles = [];
      const snippets = [];

      $(".yuRUbf > a").each((i, el) => {
        links[i] = $(el).attr("href");
      });
      $(".yuRUbf > a > h3").each((i, el) => {
        titles[i] = $(el).text();
      });
      $(".IsZvec").each((i, el) => {
        snippets[i] = $(el).text().trim();
      });

      const result = [];
      for (let i = 0; i < links.length; i++) {
        result[i] = {
          link: links[i],
          title: titles[i],
          snippet: snippets[i],
        };
      }

      console.log(result);
    });
}

getOrganicResults();
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Output

[
  {
    link: 'https://www.google.com/',
    title: 'Google',
    snippet: "Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking ..."
  },
  {
    link: 'https://blog.google/',
    title: 'The Keyword | Google',
    snippet: 'Discover all the latest about our products, technology, and Google culture on our official blog.'
  },
  {
    link: 'https://about.google/intl/en_us/products/',
    title: "Browse All of Google's Products & Services - Google",
    snippet: 'Browse a list of Google products designed to help you work and play, stay organized, get answers, keep in touch, grow your business, and more.'
  },
  {
    link: 'https://about.google/',
    title: 'Google - About Google, Our Culture & Company News',
    snippet: 'Stay up to date with Google company news and products. Discover stories about our culture, philosophy, and how Google technology is impacting others.'
  },
  {
    link: 'https://m.facebook.com/Google/',
    title: 'Google - Home | Facebook',
    snippet: 'Google, Mountain View, CA. 28151297 likes · 25276 ... Google, profile picture. Google is on Facebook. To connect with Google, log in or create an account.'
  }
]
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Using Google Search Organic Results API

SerpApi is a paid API with a free trial of 5,000 searches.

The difference is that all that needs to be done is just to iterate over a ready made, structured JSON instead of coding everything from scratch, and selecting correct selectors which could be time consuming at times.

const SerpApi = require('google-search-results-nodejs');
const search = new SerpApi.GoogleSearch("YOUR_SECRET_KEY"); //To get the key, register on serpapi.com

const params = {
  engine: "google",
  q: "google",
  location: "Austin, Texas, United States",
  google_domain: "google.com",
  gl: "us",
  hl: "en"
};

const callback = function(data) {
  console.log(data.organic_results);
};

search.json(params, callback);
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Output

organic_results: [
    {
      position: 1,
      title: "Google",
      link: "https://www.google.com/",
      displayed_link: "https://www.google.com",
      snippet:
        "Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking ...",
      sitelinks: {
        expanded: [
          {
            title: "Account",
            link: "https://www.google.com/account/about/",
            snippet:
              "You're never more than a tap away from your data and settings. Just ...",
          },
          {
            title: "Google Maps",
            link: "https://maps.google.com/",
            snippet:
              "Get real-time navigation and more in the Maps app. Stay on web ...",
          },
          {
            title: "Images",
            link: "https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en",
            snippet: "Google Images. The most comprehensive image search ...",
          },
          {
            title: "My Business",
            link: "https://www.google.com/business/",
            snippet:
              "Your free Business Profile on Google My Business helps you ...",
          },
          {
            title: "Videos",
            link: "https://www.google.com/videohp?hl=en",
            snippet: "AllImages · Sign in. Videos. REPORT THIS. CANCEL. OK ...",
          },
          {
            title: "Hangouts",
            link: "https://hangouts.google.com/",
            snippet:
              "Use Google Hangouts to keep in touch with one person or a ...",
          },
        ],
      },
    },
    {
      position: 2,
      title: "The Keyword | Google",
      link: "https://blog.google/",
      displayed_link: "https://blog.google",
      snippet:
        "Discover all the latest about our products, technology, and Google culture on our official blog.",
      cached_page_link:
        "https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:WqwvZlPx6jkJ:https://blog.google/+&cd=25&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us",
      related_pages_link:
        "https://www.google.com/search?q=related:https://blog.google/+google&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj_9IX8vNXxAhXaU80KHS5sCnEQHzAYegQIBBAO",
    },
  ],
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Links

Code in the online IDESerpApi Playground

Outro

If you want to see how to scrape something using Node.js that I didn't write about yet or you want to see some project made with SerpApi, please write me a message.

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