DEV Community

Cover image for Vue CLI 3.0 plugin for creating apps using Atomic Design & Storybook
Milad Alizadeh
Milad Alizadeh

Posted on

Vue CLI 3.0 plugin for creating apps using Atomic Design & Storybook

Vue Atomic Design Plugin is an opinionated Vue CLI 3 plugin that follows Atomic Design methodology. Please refer to this fantastic article written by Brad Frost for more information.

related projects:

How to install

You first need to install Vue Cli 3

npm install -g @vue/cli
# OR
yarn global add @vue/cli

Then you can add the plugin by typing the following command

vue add atomic-design

Storybook

Vue Atomic Design uses Storybook as its design system tool. Originally created for React, Storybook is tool for creating UI Components in isolation. The advantage of using Storybook is that we can create our style guide and our project at the very same time without maintaining both which is great for both small and large scale applications.
Once you install the plugin the storybook will be configured and you can use it by running:


yarn run serve:storybook

or generate a static style guide:


yarn run build:storybook

Structure

Atomic design has a very clean approach in grouping components through composition which is a a great combination with Vue.js

The summary of Atomic Design structure is as Follows.

Atoms

An atom is a native html tag. A Vue components that renders only one tag such as div, p or any other.

// atoms/Button.vue

<template>
  <button class="a-button" @click="$emit('click')">
    <slot></slot>
  </button>
</template>

// atoms/Input.vue

<template>
  <input class="a-input" type="text" v-model="value" @input="$emit('input') />
</template>

Molecule

A molecule is a combination of two or several atoms.

// molecules/SearchForm.vue

<template>
  <form class="m-search-form">
    <Input @input="handleInput"/>
    <Button @click="handleSearch">Search</Button>
  </form>
</template>

Organisms

An organism is a combination of atoms, molecules and other organisms

// organsims/Header.vue

<template>
  <header class="o-header">
    <Logo />
    <Navigation />
    <SearchForm />
  </header>
</template>

Templates

A combination of organisms, molecules and atoms to form a complete page. Templates only have dummy placeholder content.

// templates/PageTemplate.vue

<template>
  <div class="o-page-template">
    <Hero />
    <Posts />
    <Comments />
  </div>
</template>

Pages

Pages are essentially instances of templates with real representative content. This is generally the point where Vuex connects to our templates. The benefit of this approach is the separation of data and UI and it enables you to create your UI regardless of where your data actually comes from. This also makes the testing much easier.

// pages/PostPage.vue

<template>
  <PageTemplate
    :posts="posts"
    :hero="hero"
    :comments="comments"
  />
</template>

<script>
import { mapState } from 'vuex'

export default {
  computed: {
    mapState({
      posts: state => state.posts.postList,
      hero: state => state.home.hero,
      comments: state => state.comments.commentList,
    })
  }
}
</script>

Folder Structure

In order to make organisation simpler, each component has a folder with its name which has 3 files in it. index.vue, index.stories.js and index.test.js. With this structure all the tests, stories and the component will be in the same place without clutter. For example:

-- components
   -- atoms
      -- Button
         -- index.vue
         -- index.stories.js
         -- index.test.js
      -- Input
         -- index.vue
         -- index.stories.js
         -- index.test.js
   -- molecules
      -- SearchInput
         -- index.vue
         -- index.stories.js
         -- index.test.js

With following this structure all of the stories will be created on runtime.

Storybook

Can you categories storybook stories by naming the story module to '{Category} - {Component Name}'. For example:

storiesOf('Atom - Button', module)
  .add('default', () => ({
    components: { Button },
    template: `
      <Button />
    `
  }));

Vuex

This plugin takes a modular approach to organising Vuex store. Each feature of your app is seperated into a module which include its own state, mutations, actions and getters. For example:

-- storeModules
   -- Posts
     -- index.js
   -- Users
     -- index.js
   -- Users
     -- index.js

For example storeModules/users/index.js will contain the following:

const state = {
  userList: [],
  currentUser: null
}

const mutations = {
  setUsers (state, payload) {
    state.userList = payload
  },

  setCurrentUsers (state, payload) {
    state.currentUser = payload
  }
}

const actions = {
  async getUsers ({ commit }, username) {
    let response = await fetch(`//api.github.com/users`)
    let users = await response.json()
    commit('setUsers', users)
  }
}

export default {
  state,
  mutations,
  actions
}

you can then reference this module in your app like:

<template>
  <div>
    {{ $store.state.users.userList }}
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  created() {
     $store.dispatch('users/getUsers');
  }
<script>

You only need to create the folders under storeModule folder and the folder name will be used as namespaced. You do not need to import these modules into your store manually as it's done automatically with Webpack.

Discussion (3)

Collapse
skfrozencloud profile image
SK • Edited

Really good article,
But doesn't the fact that each page reloads an entire separate template mean that the whole page (including static header, sidebar) has to be loaded and slow it down?
Currently I have a layout that the page uses for the majority of the pages and doesn't need to load the static header and so on.

Collapse
brihaspati profile image
Brihaspati Bharani

Nice article Milad,
I just wanted to know your opinion about bringing the Vuex at molecules level? As molecules are application specific and they are the ones which combines atoms and make something meaningful like a header, wouldn't it be a good idea to pull in data from Vuex at molecules level? Otherwise if there is a change in one state parameter, the page has to cascade the new value down to the molecules/atoms all the way down?

Collapse
miladalizadeh profile image
Milad Alizadeh Author

Sorry for the very late reply. I totally missed this comment. Anyway if it's still useful here is my answer:
I understand your point of bringing the the Vuex to a lower level such as molecules. I'd argue the molecules are still two small to connect to Store and should use event emitters instead to communicate with parent (Organism) component. This makes it easy to share these components between projects and then use Organism to connect to Store. something like a header or a search bar.

// Organisms/SearchBar

<template>
  <div class="v-o-search-bar">
    // molecule components
    <SearchForm @submitted="handleSearch" />
    <SearchResults :results="$store.state.search.results" />
  </div>
</template>

export default {
  methods: {
    handleSearch () {
      this.$store.dispatch('search/fetchResults')
    }
  }
}

I should also add that having the above structure is advisable because it decouple the business logic and UI.