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The Rustlings exercises - part 2

Nicolas Frankel
Dev Advocate | Former developer | Former architect | Former teacher | Still learning and blogging.
Originally published at blog.frankel.ch ・3 min read

Last week, I dived into the documentation. It was a bit long, and I decided to split my understanding into two different posts. Now is the time to finish them.

Threading

There's a single exercise for threads. It's a bit disappointing because it's a weak point of mine: I'd have loved more practice.

The solution is to wrap the JobStatus structure into a Mutex, just as the documentation describes. Mutex represents a global lock around an object. Please look at the above link for more details, which does a great job explaining Mutex in depth.

Macros

This section focuses on macros.

In general, I'm afraid of languages that offer macros. I think that macros decrease readability. Most macros are just a way to avoid duplicating code: other approaches achieve the same goal without the readability issue. Because Rust compiles to native code, most alternatives are not available. Hence, macros become a must.

The main problem of macro3.rs is that the code defines the macro in a dedicated module. The solution is more straightforward than what I tried first, namely use and prefix the macro with the namespace. You need to annotate the macro with #[macro_export]. Again, RTFM.

I couldn't solve macro4.rs without hints. I was missing the correct separator between arms. I tried previously with commas, like for match, but it failed, so I wrongly ruled the separator out.

The point of quizz4.rs is to (finally) write a simple macro. It's pretty straightforward with the example of the previous macros files. My issue laid in how to concatenate &str. You first have to own the left operand with the usage of to_owned().

Clippy

This series of exercises is pretty straightforward. But it allows us to know about Clippy.

Microsoft Office's Clippy

No, I'm not talking about Microsoft Office's assistant from the 2000s.

The Clippy tool is a collection of lints to analyze your code so you can catch common mistakes and improve your Rust code.

-- More Lints with Clippy

You install Clippy with the following command:

rustup component add clippy
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From that point on, you can use Clippy like this:

cargo clippy
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I believe Clippy should be mandatory on all projects.

In IntelliJ IDEA, you can configure Clippy by going to menu:IntelliJ IDEA[Preferences] and then menu:Languages and Frameworks[Rust > Cargo].

Conversions

The exercises related to conversions allowed me to sum up the available functions that convert between &str and String.

&str and String back and forth conversion functions

Also, I learned that you need to collect() into a Vec<&str> after you've split() a String.

Conclusion

And that's a wrap! I cannot resist the temptation to show the final reward that unlocks when you've completed all exercises.

🎉 All exercises completed! 🎉

+----------------------------------------------------+
|          You made it to the Fe-nish line!          |
+--------------------------  ------------------------+
                          \/
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Thanks to all who contributed to build Rustlings; this is a fun experience: I recommend anybody who wants to learn Rust to have a try at them.

The complete source code for this post can be found on Github on the work branch:

GitHub logo ajavageek / rustlings

🦀 Small exercises to get you used to reading and writing Rust code!

All Contributors

rustlings 🦀❤️

Greetings and welcome to rustlings. This project contains small exercises to get you used to reading and writing Rust code. This includes reading and responding to compiler messages!

...looking for the old, web-based version of Rustlings? Try here

Alternatively, for a first-time Rust learner, there are several other resources:

  • The Book - The most comprehensive resource for learning Rust, but a bit theoretical sometimes. You will be using this along with Rustlings!
  • Rust By Example - Learn Rust by solving little exercises! It's almost like rustlings, but online

Getting Started

Note: If you're on MacOS, make sure you've installed Xcode and its developer tools by typing xcode-select --install.

You will need to have Rust installed. You can get it by visiting https://rustup.rs. This'll also install Cargo, Rust's package/project manager.

MacOS/Linux

Just run:

curl -L https://git.io/rustlings | bash
# Or if you want it
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To go further:

Originally published at A Java Geek on June 27th 2021

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