DEV Community

loading...
Cover image for MockStore in NgRx v7.0

MockStore in NgRx v7.0

ng-conf
Home to the largest gathering of Angular developers world wide!
・6 min read

John Crowson | ng-conf | Apr 2019

NgRx v7.0 included the released of a new @ngrx/store/testing module that features a mock Store to be used in testing NgRx applications. The module was introduced in #1027 with some documentation following in #1591.

Note: You can use this API and functionality in NgRx v5 and v6 using the standalone pngrx-mockstore package.

Currently, the documentation is light and doesn’t include a complete working code sample. I’ll provide two examples that should help clear things up.

Existing: StoreModule

It has been possible to condition the NgRx store in a unit test by providing the StoreModule in the testing module configuration. The StoreModule creates a store with the initial state defined in the store’s reducer. To condition the desired state for a given test case, you could have to dispatch several actions.

New: MockStore

The MockStore class provides a simpler way to condition NgRx state in unit tests. You provide an initial default state, then update the state using setState(<nextState>).

Let’s see how MockStore can simplify an existing test suite:

Testing Auth Guard Example

The NgRx example-app contains an AuthGuard that provides us a simple example of using the MockStore:

// NgRx v7.3.0
@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root',
})
export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate {
  constructor(private store: Store<fromAuth.State>) {}

  canActivate(): Observable<boolean> {
    return this.store.pipe(
      select(fromAuth.getLoggedIn),
      map(authed => {
        if (!authed) {
          this.store.dispatch(new AuthApiActions.LoginRedirect());
          return false;
        }

        return true;
      }),
      take(1)
    );
  }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
auth-guard.service.ts hosted by GitHub

The AuthGuard selects getLoggedIn from the store. If the latest getLoggedIn is true, a LoginRedirect action is dispatched and the function returns false. If the latest getLoggedIn is false, it returns true.

The existing AuthGuard test uses the StoreModule, which requires the test to dispatch a LoginSuccess action to condition the getLoggedIn selector to return true:

// NgRx v7.3.0
describe('Auth Guard', () => {
  let guard: AuthGuard;
  let store: Store<any>;

  beforeEach(() => {
    TestBed.configureTestingModule({
      imports: [
        StoreModule.forRoot({
          ...fromRoot.reducers,
          auth: combineReducers(fromAuth.reducers),
        }),
      ],
    });

    store = TestBed.get(Store);
    spyOn(store, 'dispatch').and.callThrough();
    guard = TestBed.get(AuthGuard);
  });

  it('should return false if the user state is not logged in', () => {
    const expected = cold('(a|)', { a: false });

    expect(guard.canActivate()).toBeObservable(expected);
  });

  it('should return true if the user state is logged in', () => {
    const user: any = {};
    const action = new AuthApiActions.LoginSuccess({ user });
    store.dispatch(action);

    const expected = cold('(a|)', { a: true });

    expect(guard.canActivate()).toBeObservable(expected);
  });
});
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
auth-guard.service.spec.ts hosted by GitHub

Let’s refactor the same tests to condition the store’s state without actions using MockStore:

// Future version of example-app using MockStore
import { provideMockStore, MockStore } from '@ngrx/store/testing';

describe('Auth Guard', () => {
  let guard: AuthGuard;
  let store: MockStore<fromAuth.State>;
  const initialState = {
    auth: {
      loginPage: {} as fromLoginPage.State,
      status: {
        user: null,
      },
    },
  } as fromAuth.State;

  beforeEach(() => {
    TestBed.configureTestingModule({
      providers: [AuthGuard, provideMockStore({ initialState })],
    });

    store = TestBed.get(Store);
    guard = TestBed.get(AuthGuard);
  });

  it('should return false if the user state is not logged in', () => {
    const expected = cold('(a|)', { a: false });

    expect(guard.canActivate()).toBeObservable(expected);
  });

  it('should return true if the user state is logged in', () => {
    store.setState({
      ...initialState,
      auth: {
        loginPage: {} as fromLoginPage.State,
        status: {
          user: {
            name: 'John',
          },
        },
      },
    });

    const expected = cold('(a|)', { a: true });

    expect(guard.canActivate()).toBeObservable(expected);
  });
});
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
auth-guard.service.spec.ts hosted by GitHub

Here are the steps:

  1. Line 6: Declare a MockStore using the same type assertion that is used when declaring the Store in the AuthGuard (fromAuth.State).
  2. Line 7: Create an initial state conforming to the same state interface that was asserted on line 6. This will be the default state for all tests. Since fromAuth.State extends fromRoot.State and our tests only depend on the the user attribute, we can cast everything else.
  3. Line 19: Provide the MockStore using provideMockStore, passing in the initialState created in the previous step.
  4. Line 22: Inject the Store inside the test.
  5. Line 31: To condition a different state, use setState.

Testing Effect + withLatestFrom Example

I came across NgRx issue #414 which describes difficulty testing effects that incorporate state using the withLatestFrom operator and the StoreModule.

@Effect()
example$ = this.actions$.pipe(
  ofType(ActionTypes.ExampleAction),
  withLatestFrom(this.store.pipe(
    select(fromExample.getShouldDispatchActionOne)
  )),
  map(([action, shouldDispatchActionOne]) => {
    if (shouldDispatchActionOne) {
      return new ActionOne();
    } else {
      return new ActionTwo();
    }
  })
);
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

The effect’s injected state couldn’t be changed after TestBed.get(<effect>) had been called, making it difficult to test different values selected by getShouldDispatchActionOne in the above snippet. The three common workarounds were:

  1. Use Jasmine’s SpyOn to mock the return value of state.select(…): spyOn(store, 'select').and.returnValue(of(initialState)). However, select is now an RxJs operator. ❌
  2. Move TestBed.get(<effect>) from beforeEach into each individual test after the state is conditioned appropriately. 😐
  3. Provide a mockStore (hey, don’t we have one of those now?). 😀

Let’s see how we can test effects that use withLatestFrom using the MockStore:

Let’s add a new effect, addBookSuccess$, to the NgRx example-app’s BookEffects. When a new book is successfully added, we’ll select the books the user now has in their collection the store, then display an alert with a different message depending on the quantity:

@Injectable()
export class BookEffects {
  @Effect({ dispatch: false })
  addBookSuccess$ = this.actions$.pipe(
    ofType(CollectionApiActionTypes.AddBookSuccess),
    withLatestFrom(this.store.select(fromBooks.getCollectionBookIds)),
    tap(([action, bookCollection]) => {
      if (bookCollection.length === 1) {
        window.alert('Congrats on adding your first book!')
      } else {
        window.alert('You have added book number ' + bookCollection.length);
      }
    })
  );

  // search$ effect deleted for simplicity

  constructor(
    private actions$: Actions<FindBookPageActions.FindBookPageActionsUnion>,
    // ...
    private store: Store<fromBooks.State>
  ) {}
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
book.effects.ts hosted by GitHub

We can use the MockStore to condition the state, allowing us to test each of the two cases:

import * as fromBooks from '@example-app/books/reducers';
import * as fromSearch from '@example-app/books/reducers/search.reducer';
import * as fromChildBooks from '@example-app/books/reducers/books.reducer';
// Omitting autoimports
describe('BookEffects', () => {
  let effects: BookEffects;
  let actions$: Observable<any>;
  let store: MockStore<fromBooks.State>;
  const initialState = {
    books: {
      search: {} as fromSearch.State,
      books: {} as fromChildBooks.State,
      collection: {
        loaded: true,
        loading: false,
        ids: ['1']
      }
    }
  } as fromBooks.State;

  beforeEach(() => {
    TestBed.configureTestingModule({
      providers: [
        BookEffects,
        {
          provide: GoogleBooksService,
          useValue: { searchBooks: jest.fn() },
        },
        provideMockActions(() => actions$),
        provideMockStore({ initialState }),
      ],
    });

    effects = TestBed.get(BookEffects);
    actions$ = TestBed.get(Actions);
    store = TestBed.get(Store);
    spyOn(window, 'alert');
  });

  describe('addBookSuccess$', () => {
    it('should print congratulatory message when adding '
       + 'the first book', (done: any) => {
      const action = new AddBookSuccess(generateMockBook());
      actions$ = of(action);

      effects.addBookSuccess$.subscribe(() => {
        expect(window.alert)
          .toHaveBeenCalledWith(
            'Congrats on adding your first book!'
          );
        done();
      });
    });

    it('should print number of books after adding '
       + 'the first book', (done: any) => {
      store.setState({
        ...initialState,
        books: {
          search: {} as fromSearch.State,
          books: {} as fromChildBooks.State,
          collection: {
            loaded: true,
            loading: false,
            ids: ['1', '2']
          }
        }
      });

      const action = new AddBookSuccess(generateMockBook());
      actions$ = of(action);

      effects.addBookSuccess$.subscribe(() => {
        expect(window.alert)
          .toHaveBeenCalledWith(
            'You have added book number 2'
          );
        done();
      });
    });
  });
});
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
book.effects.spec.ts hosted by GitHub

Here are the steps, similar to those in the AuthGuard Example:

  1. Line 9: Declare a MockStore using the same type assertion that is used when declaring the Store in the BookEffects (fromBooks.State).
  2. Line 10: Create an initial state conforming to the same state interface that was asserted on line 9. This will be the default state for all tests. Since fromBooks.State extends fromRoot.State and our tests only depend on the the ids attribute, we can cast everything else.
  3. Line 32: Provide the MockStore using provideMockStore, passing in the initialState created in the previous step.
  4. Line 38: Inject the Store inside the test.
  5. Line 59: To condition a different state, use setState.

Thanks for reading! You can follow me on Twitter @john_crowson :)

For more Angular goodness, be sure to check out the latest episode of The Angular Show podcast.

ng-conf: Join us for the Reliable Web Summit

Come learn from community members and leaders the best ways to build reliable web applications, write quality code, choose scalable architectures, and create effective automated tests. Powered by ng-conf, join us for the Reliable Web Summit this August 26th & 27th, 2021.
https://reliablewebsummit.com/

Discussion (0)