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What is CSS-in-JS?

What is CSS-in-JS?

So you have all probably heard of CSS-in-JS frameworks and libraries such as emotion, styled-components, and goober.

What is CSS-in-JS

CSS-in-JS libraries follow many different patterns. But usually, they end up allowing you to do one thing:

  1. Allow you to create unique CSS classes from JavaScript

Basically, you would typically use it like this:

const myButtonsClassName = cssInJsLibraryFunctionHere({
    color: "red",
    "text-align": "center"

// Or with tagged template literals

const myButtonsClassName = css`
    color: red;
    text-align: center;
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Some libraries (like styled-components) let you create React components from those styles, and allow you to create dynamic values for styling.

const Button = styled.button`
    color: ${({ dark }) => dark ? "dark" : "white"}

<Button />
<Button dark />
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CSS-in-JS is a pattern that allows you to write CSS styles inside your JavaScript.

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