This blog was originally posted on:
Pipenv is a packaging tool for Python that solves some common problems associated with the typical workflow using pip, virtualenv, and the good old requirements.txt.
pip3 install pipenv
pipenv install requests
If a pipenv is not setup for the application yet, running the above will create a virtual environment along with the installation of pipenv and also create
Pipfile.lock under the application directory.
The below shows a sample pipfile (
[[source]] name = "pypi" url = "https://pypi.org/simple" verify_ssl = true [dev-packages] [packages] requests = "*" [requires] python_version = "3.7"
you can install package you need, flask. For example you need version 0.12.1 and not the latest version, so go ahead and be specific by:
pipenv install flask==0.12.1
You can also install directly from a version control system by:
pipenv install -e git+https://github.com/requests/requests.git#egg=requests
Let’s say you have some unit tests for the application that you are building, and you want to use pytest for running them. You don’t need pytest in production so you can specify that this dependency is only for development with the --dev argument:
pipenv install pytest --dev
This package will be auto added by pipenv to the Pipfile under
Spawn a shell in a virtual environment to isolate the development of your app by running:
To deactivate the environment spawned by running the above command use
exit. Avoid using
deactivate as this does not completely (not a clean) exit from a pipenv environment.
(myenv)$ exit exit
You can run a script without activating the environment created.
pipenv run python scripts.py
You can also run a command in the virtual environment without launching a shell by:
pipenv run <insert command here>
You can install required packaged for an app from a legacy virtual environment
pipenv install -r pathto/requirements.txt
Now, let’s say you no longer need a package. You can uninstall it:
pipenv uninstall requests
If you want to wipe off all the packages from the environment:
pipenv uninstall --all
This is the equivalent to
pip freeze, gives you the list of packages installed under that environment.
pipenv lock -r
To find out where your virtual environment is located:
To find out where your project home is
Check for security vulnerabilities in your environment:
Pipenv supports the automatic loading of environmental variables when a .env file exists in the project directory. That way, when you pipenv shell to open the virtual environment, it loads your environmental variables from the file. The .env file just contains key-value pairs:
14:03:47~/PycharmProjects/cloudMigrationDVApp$ pipenv run python Loading .env environment variables… Python 3.7.3 (v3.7.3:ef4ec6ed12, Mar 25 2019, 16:52:21) [Clang 6.0 (clang-600.0.57)] on darwin Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information. >>> import os >>> os.environ['SECRET_KEY'] 'somerandomekey' >>>
Pipenv can show a dependency graph to understand your top-level dependencies and their sub-dependencies:
$ pipenv graph openpyxl==2.6.2 - et-xmlfile [required: Any, installed: 1.0.1] - jdcal [required: Any, installed: 1.4.1] requests==2.22.0 - certifi [required: >=2017.4.17, installed: 2019.3.9] - chardet [required: >=3.0.2,<3.1.0, installed: 3.0.4] - idna [required: >=2.5,<2.9, installed: 2.8] - urllib3 [required: >=1.21.1,<1.26,!=1.25.1,!=1.25.0, installed: 1.25.3]
Given a situation if your app python version needs to be changed from one version to another pipenv
pipfile can be edited to change the python version under:
[requires] python_version = "3.6" ## changed from 3.7 to 3.6
And then by running the below will reinstall the virtual environment with the version specified.
pipenv --python 3.6
You can remove the pipenv environment completely by running
This will still not delete the
Pipfile and the
Pipfile.lock, this would need to be manually removed (If not needed).
To install the pipenv with the pipfile`s in place, run:
In order to update a pip package change the version under the pip file.
openpyxl = "*"
requests = "==2.22.0" # Changed from 2.21 to 2.22
and then run:
Should result in the required version installed:
$ pipenv lock -r | grep requests
Once your application is ready with the required packages in development, You need to lock your environment to ensure you have the same (version) packages in production:
This will create/update your
Pipfile.lock, which you’ll never need to (and are never meant to) edit manually.
Once you get your code and
Pipfile.lock in your production environment, you should install the last successful environment recorded by:
pipenv install --ignore-pipfile
This tells Pipenv to ignore the Pipfile for installation and use what’s in the Pipfile.lock.
To setup packages and environment for
pipenv install --dev
If you have a dev-requirements.txt or something similar, you can add those to the Pipfile as well by:
pipenv install -r dev-requirements.txt --dev
Additionally, you can go the other way and generate requirements files from a
pipenv lock -r > requirements.txt
pipenv lock -r -d > dev-requirements.txt
A social network 100% devoted to making you a better coder?
Level up every day