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What Is a Framework In Web Development?

Web frameworks designed to write web applications. Frameworks consist of many different libraries that facilitate the development of a software product or website. Web application development frameworks are collections of different tools. Frameworks vary in their capabilities and functions, depending on the tasks set. They define the structure, set the rules, and provide the necessary set of development tools.

Development is definitely not an easy process. It includes many different tasks — planning, coding and testing. Frameworks make developers' work easier by allowing them to control the entire software development process from a single platform.

The programming interface (API) and the architecture of the future apps, built with it, depends on the framework definition. Developers know the libraries and understand the basic development patterns.

Backend frameworks

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Backend frameworks are running on the server side. They are responsible for developing well-structured, secure and dynamic backend applications. The tools provided by such frameworks make the whole development process greatly simplify, helping you to focus on requested ideas and features.

Express - used by well-known companies such as Accenture, IBM and Uber. Express is a minimalistic, rapid and flexible framework. It provides all the capabilities you need while actively leveraging all the benefits and power of Node.js. Supports REST API.

Django - a popular framework used by IT leaders Google, YouTube, Instagram for web development on Python. With many available useful functions: routing, working with a database, the admin part of the site and more. The framework implements many important security principles on its own.

Frontend frameworks

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Frontend frameworks work in the browser and can be used to realize user interfaces or improve them in different ways, build site logic and create single-page applications.

With these frameworks developers can integrate innovative solutions and improve the user interfaces, websites and applications will look good in any browser and system, making them accessible for every user.

Angular - specialized in single-page application (SPA), highly rated by Microsoft and Paypal. Used for TypeScript development.

Vue - flexible tool with a progressive structure that can be easily integrated into existing projects. Component architecture and rich ecosystem allows to develop complex apps with minimal costs.

Ember - framework for maximizing developers productivity. It applies the best programming practices and many useful functions and components. Used by Google, Microsoft, Heroku and Netflix.

Full-stack frameworks

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These frameworks provide tools for both server-side and client-side to problem solving.

Meteor is a good example. Server side and client side, both can be created using the same programming language - JavaScript. This makes it possible to create and use one codebase for running an application, which contains both front- and back-end logic.

Flask, written on Python, is another example of a full-stack framework.

Frameworks and microframeworks

What is framework in web development? Web development frameworks can vary in sizes. There are tools that can be solutions for everything. Lighter weight options specialize in solving specific problems. Such frameworks are called microframeworks. Their functionality is extended with other applications.

Focus on these frameworks in 2021

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1. Bootstrap

This framework can solve almost any actual problems with a large number of free and paid templates.
Bootstrap can be tuned in with SASS. The user can establish own projects using npm.

2. Foundation

Doesn't have a separate style. The huge variety of tools can set up for yourself.
Included navigation bars, multiple container types, and a developer-friendly grid. Foundation also offers access to ready-made HTML templates.
Motion UI can be used for animations with inbuilt effects.

3. Bulma

Users can only get good looking web pages with default settings.
The flexbox module makes it easy to create responsive layouts.
Setting up the default project parameters is done in minutes.
Doesn't contain JavaScript functionality, but integrates easily with other frameworks.

4. UIKit

Has a variety of components for allowing to perform complex frontend layouts, and also provides access to advanced elements (navigation bars, sidebars, and parallax structures).
Ability to set and widen with LESS or SASS preprocessors.
Provides a web customizer to allow create own designs and copy SASS or LESS variables into projects.

5. Milligram

Readily to configure and apply heavy features to refine productivity.
Has no default style, it's possible to create what users want.
Simple interface, fast to understand all features.

Mobile Development Frameworks

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1. Ionic

Ionic is an open-source mobile UI toolkit for developing high-quality, cross-platform applications for Android, iOS, and the Web from one codebase.

Ionic is a development platform for the whole application lifecycle that allows teams to create better and faster applications. Some of the popular applications developed using Ionic are:

  • MarketWatch
  • McDonald's
  • Pacifica

2. Xamarin

Xamarin is open-source application development platform for creating Android, iOS applications with .NET, and C#.

Some of the popular applications developed using Xamarin are:

  • Alaska airlines
  • CA Mobile
  • Novarum DX

3. Flutter

Flutter is Google’s UI toolkit for building beautiful, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. It has an expressive and flexible UI and gives a native performance on iOS and Android platforms.

Some of the popular applications developed using Flutter are:

  • Alibaba
  • Cryptography
  • Google Ads


What is a web development framework? It is a good decision for developers. Frameworks will simplify development processes. Developers should always stay in touch with new technologies and frameworks for successful work.

Advantages of using a software frameworks:

  • Helps in setting programming practices and fitting use of development patterns
  • Code have more secure
  • Ability to avoid duplicate and redundant code
  • Helps develop code without bugs
  • Makes it easier to work on difficult technologies
  • Possibility to contribute to open-source frameworks
  • Frameworks are pre-tested and save time for developing applications

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