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How to test Svelte components

timdeschryver profile image Tim Deschryver Originally published at timdeschryver.dev ・3 min read

Follow me on Twitter at @tim_deschryver | Originally published on timdeschryver.dev.


I've been looking into Svelte, and while most of the info that I'm looking for can be found in the documentation, there's one piece missing. There's no section on how to test components, so I went to explore this area.

The first place where I was looking, was the Svelte repository itself. It contains tests that seem simple at first, like this one. The only problem that I have, is that it requires me to orchestrate the test setup.

After taking a look at the Svelte repository, I quickly came across the Svelte Testing Library. I'm the creator of the Angular Testing Library, and because of the Testing Library has a similar API across all frameworks, I was quickly used to it.

Jest Setup

Writing tests with the Svelte Testing Library can be done with all test, in this article I'm using Jest.

The first step is to install the dependencies:

npm install @babel/core @babel/preset-env jest babel-jest svelte-jester -D

The Babel compiler has to be installed to use the ES6 syntax while writing tests.
To compile Svelte components, it's also needed to install svelte-jester.

After the installation is complete, Jest and Babel have to be configured.

To configure Jest, create a jest.config.js file in the root of the project.

module.exports = {
  transform: {
    '^.+\\.svelte$': 'svelte-jester',
    '^.+\\.js$': 'babel-jest',
  },
  moduleFileExtensions: ['js', 'svelte'],
}

For Babel, create a babel.config.js file in the root of the project.

module.exports = {
  presets: [
    [
      '@babel/preset-env',
      {
        targets: {
          node: 'current',
        },
      },
    ],
  ],
}

The last step of the setup is to add a script inside the package.json file:

{
  "name": "svelte-counter",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "scripts": {
    "build": "rollup -c",
    "dev": "rollup -c -w",
    "start": "sirv public",
    "test": "jest"
  },
  "devDependencies": {
    "@babel/core": "^7.8.3",
    "@babel/preset-env": "^7.8.3",
    "@rollup/plugin-commonjs": "^11.0.0",
    "@rollup/plugin-node-resolve": "^7.0.0",
    "@testing-library/svelte": "^1.11.0",
    "babel-jest": "^25.1.0",
    "jest": "^25.1.0",
    "rollup": "^1.20.0",
    "rollup-plugin-livereload": "^1.0.0",
    "rollup-plugin-svelte": "^5.0.3",
    "rollup-plugin-terser": "^5.1.2",
    "svelte": "^3.0.0",
    "svelte-jester": "^1.0.3"
  },
  "dependencies": {
    "sirv-cli": "^0.4.4"
  }
}

Svelte Testing Library Setup

To use the Svelte Testing Library, the @testing-library/svelte package has to be installed.

npm install @testing-library/svelte --D

Writing a test

After all the setup, we can start writing tests.

The test will look familiar to you if you've already used a Testing Library.

  • to create the component, use the render method
  • to interact with the component, use the get(All)By and query(All)By methods, and the methods on fireEvent
  • as a bonus, use the jest-dom matchers
import Counter from './Counter.svelte'
import { render, fireEvent } from '@testing-library/svelte'

it('it works', async () => {
  const { getByText, getByTestId } = render(Counter)

  const increment = getByText('increment')
  const decrement = getByText('decrement')
  const counter = getByTestId('counter-value')

  await fireEvent.click(increment)
  await fireEvent.click(increment)
  await fireEvent.click(increment)
  await fireEvent.click(decrement)

  expect(counter.textContent).toBe('2')

  // with jest-dom
  expect(counter).toHaveTextContent('2')
})

To pass props to a component, make use of the Component Options

import Counter from './Counter.svelte'
import { render, fireEvent } from '@testing-library/svelte'

it('it works', async () => {
  const { getByText, getByTestId } = render(Counter, {
    value: 10,
  })

  const increment = getByText('increment')
  const decrement = getByText('decrement')
  const counter = getByTestId('counter-value')

  await fireEvent.click(increment)
  await fireEvent.click(increment)
  await fireEvent.click(increment)
  await fireEvent.click(decrement)

  expect(counter.textContent).toBe('12')

  // with jest-dom
  expect(counter).toHaveTextContent('12')
})

Running tests

Everything is set, and now we can finally run the tests.
Run the following command:

npm run test

Follow me on Twitter at @tim_deschryver | Originally published on timdeschryver.dev.

Posted on by:

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Tim Deschryver

@timdeschryver

NgRx team member - Writer for AngularInDepth

Discussion

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I've been looking for posts about it, yours was very concise and objective, congratulations on the initiative

Yep, that was the main reason why I wrote it - there's little to none information about it