DEV Community πŸ‘©β€πŸ’»πŸ‘¨β€πŸ’»

ustundagsemih
ustundagsemih

Posted on • Originally published at ustundagsemih.com

How to pass variables to a JSON file in Terraform

Let's say you are creating an IAM policy with Terraform by using a seperate json file which includes the statement for the policy.

In a typical statement we have 4 values to satisfy. These are Sid, Effect, Action and Resource.

{
    "Version": "2012-10-17",
    "Statement": [
        {
            "Sid": "Policy Name",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": [
                "s3:ListBucket"
            ],
            "Resource": [
                "arn:aws:s3:::mytestbucket"
            ]
        }
    ]
}

How should we dynamically change Resource and Sid values in this statement?

Well, Terraform has a data resource called template_file. With this, we can easily pass parameters dynamically to our statement file.

Demo Time!

First, we need to create a user, policy and bucket. We will then use the bucket ARN in our statement. I am using variables for most of the things in order to have a clean code.

resource "aws_iam_user" "iam-user" {
    name = var.iam_user_name
}

resource "aws_s3_bucket" "s3-bucket" {
    bucket = "mytestbucket"
}

resource "aws_iam_user_policy" "iam-policy" {
    name = var.iam_policy_name
    user = aws_iam_user.iam-user.name
}

Normally we can attach the json policy with the following;


policy = file("/path/to/policy.json")

Since we want to pass parameters to the json file, we will use a data resource called "template_file".

In order to use it, we must rename our json extension to tpl. With this we are stating that we want to use this file as a template.

Now we will modify our template file using interpolation syntax. We will pass parameters for both Sid and Resource.

"Statement": [
    {
        "Sid": "${sid-name}",
        "Effect": "Allow",
        "Action": [
            "s3:ListBucket"
        ],
        "Resource": [
            "${resource-name}"
        ]
    }
]

Back to our main file we will add template_file resource.

data "template_file" "iam-policy-template" {
    template = file("/path/to/policy.tpl")

    vars = {
        sid-name = "Policy for S3 Access"
        resource-name = aws_s3_bucket.sample_bucket.arn
    }
}

Here we specified the vars block and inside we use the variables from the template file. Now we can use this data in our IAM policy resource.

Notice that we are accessing our template's rendered version.

resource "aws_iam_user_policy" "iam-policy" {
    name = var.iam_policy_name
    user = aws_iam_user.iam-policy.name

    policy = data.template_file.iam-policy-template.rendered
}

Top comments (1)

Collapse
 
kumarr4794 profile image
kumarr4794 • Edited on

Thanks for article , Could you pls guide how to use same policy to multiple buckets and resource in s3 bucket policy to be changed each time as the bucket name.
thanks in advance

Take a look at this:

Settings

Go to your customization settings to nudge your home feed to show content more relevant to your developer experience level. πŸ›