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YggdrasilTS

NVM - Node Version Manager

telco2011 profile image David (ダビッド ) Updated on ・4 min read

Original Post

The first thing that every TypeScript (JavaScript) developer has to do if it wants to start with their project is installing the JavaScript runtime. Nowadays, we have several known options to choose: NodeJS or Deno. For this post, I am going to choose NodeJS.

All we already know that the JavaScript ecosystem is evolving fastly and every month we have to manage some fixing, minor or even major library updates. This is also happening with the NodeJS runtime. Because of this fast-changing environment, I recommend using some version manager, in this case, nvm is the greatest option to manage your NodeJS runtime.

As an experienced developer, I do not recommend to develop with Windows but if you are using it, first, good luck 🤪, and also you can check the NVM for windows (I am not going to talk about it in this post).

As they said in the Github page, it is to easy to install or update nvm, you only have to run the install script using cURL or wget command:

curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.35.2/install.sh | bash
wget -qO- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.35.2/install.sh | bash

'INFO' Check nvm Github page to get the latest version.

Once installed, you can manage your NodeJS runtime easily changing to the NodeJS version that you want, reinstalling global packages within your local NodeJS version, etc.

odin@asgard:~/NVM $ nvm

Node Version Manager (v0.35.2)

Note: <version> refers to any version-like string nvm understands. This includes:
  - full or partial version numbers, starting with an optional "v" (0.10, v0.1.2, v1)
  - default (built-in) aliases: node, stable, unstable, iojs, system
  - custom aliases you define with `nvm alias foo`

 Any options that produce colorized output should respect the `--no-colors` option.

Usage:
  nvm --help                                Show this message
  nvm --version                             Print out the installed version of nvm
  nvm install [-s] <version>                Download and install a <version>, [-s] from source. Uses .nvmrc if available
    --reinstall-packages-from=<version>     When installing, reinstall packages installed in <node|iojs|node version number>
    --lts                                   When installing, only select from LTS (long-term support) versions
    --lts=<LTS name>                        When installing, only select from versions for a specific LTS line
    --skip-default-packages                 When installing, skip the default-packages file if it exists
    --latest-npm                            After installing, attempt to upgrade to the latest working npm on the given node version
    --no-progress                           Disable the progress bar on any downloads
  nvm uninstall <version>                   Uninstall a version
  nvm uninstall --lts                       Uninstall using automatic LTS (long-term support) alias `lts/*`, if available.
  nvm uninstall --lts=<LTS name>            Uninstall using automatic alias for provided LTS line, if available.
  nvm use [--silent] <version>              Modify PATH to use <version>. Uses .nvmrc if available
    --lts                                   Uses automatic LTS (long-term support) alias `lts/*`, if available.
    --lts=<LTS name>                        Uses automatic alias for provided LTS line, if available.
  nvm exec [--silent] <version> [<command>] Run <command> on <version>. Uses .nvmrc if available
    --lts                                   Uses automatic LTS (long-term support) alias `lts/*`, if available.
    --lts=<LTS name>                        Uses automatic alias for provided LTS line, if available.
  nvm run [--silent] <version> [<args>]     Run `node` on <version> with <args> as arguments. Uses .nvmrc if available
    --lts                                   Uses automatic LTS (long-term support) alias `lts/*`, if available.
    --lts=<LTS name>                        Uses automatic alias for provided LTS line, if available.
  nvm current                               Display currently activated version of Node
  nvm ls [<version>]                        List installed versions, matching a given <version> if provided
    --no-colors                             Suppress colored output
    --no-alias                              Suppress `nvm alias` output
  nvm ls-remote [<version>]                 List remote versions available for install, matching a given <version> if provided
    --lts                                   When listing, only show LTS (long-term support) versions
    --lts=<LTS name>                        When listing, only show versions for a specific LTS line
    --no-colors                             Suppress colored output
  nvm version <version>                     Resolve the given description to a single local version
  nvm version-remote <version>              Resolve the given description to a single remote version
    --lts                                   When listing, only select from LTS (long-term support) versions
    --lts=<LTS name>                        When listing, only select from versions for a specific LTS line
  nvm deactivate                            Undo effects of `nvm` on current shell
  nvm alias [<pattern>]                     Show all aliases beginning with <pattern>
    --no-colors                             Suppress colored output
  nvm alias <name> <version>                Set an alias named <name> pointing to <version>
  nvm unalias <name>                        Deletes the alias named <name>
  nvm install-latest-npm                    Attempt to upgrade to the latest working `npm` on the current node version
  nvm reinstall-packages <version>          Reinstall global `npm` packages contained in <version> to current version
  nvm unload                                Unload `nvm` from shell
  nvm which [current | <version>]           Display path to installed node version. Uses .nvmrc if available
  nvm cache dir                             Display path to the cache directory for nvm
  nvm cache clear                           Empty cache directory for nvm

Example:
  nvm install 8.0.0                     Install a specific version number
  nvm use 8.0                           Use the latest available 8.0.x release
  nvm run 6.10.3 app.js                 Run app.js using node 6.10.3
  nvm exec 4.8.3 node app.js            Run `node app.js` with the PATH pointing to node 4.8.3
  nvm alias default 8.1.0               Set default node version on a shell
  nvm alias default node                Always default to the latest available node version on a shell

Note:
  to remove, delete, or uninstall nvm - just remove the `$NVM_DIR` folder (usually `~/.nvm`)

'INFO' Check nvm Usage section to know more about the commands.

Which other tools are you using? ⚒👇

Enjoy!! 🌳

Posted on by:

telco2011 profile

David (ダビッド )

@telco2011

Telecom engineer, developer enthusiastic 👾, inline skates lover, biker 🏍 and barista initiated ☕️

YggdrasilTS

TypeScript development toolset. A set of libraries, written in TypeScript, to help its developers to build their code. 🌳

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