Welcome to Day 18 of #30DaysOfPWA! New to the series? Three things you can do to catch up:
- Read the kickoff post below for context.
- Watch the GitHub Repository for updates.
- Bookmark #30DaysOfPWA Blog for resources.
This is a shortened version of this canonical post for the #30DaysOfPWA.
Today's post is authored by Chait Pinnamaneni - a member of the Edge Developer Tools team at Microsoft. Follow Chait at @noobtiger11 or here on dev.to.
Welcome to day week 3 day 4 of the 30 Days of PWA series! It's the second day of debugging PWA using browser DevTools!
Yesterday, you learned to debug common issues related to PWA using DevTools. However as you learned in week 2 of this series, PWAs are capable of more advanced features like background synchronization, push notifications, and more.
Today we will go through the tools available to you for debugging these advanced features of PWAs.
|What you will learn today
|How to check for PWA permissions
|How to emulate push notifications
|Background sync and fetch
|How to view background sync and fetch events
|How to view and manage your data stored in IndexedDB
Please note that all of the screenshots in today's article are taken from Microsoft Edge DevTools, but other browsers offer similar tools.
PWAs can make full use of modern web features such as notifications, location, and storage, however, for PWAs to use these features, they must be granted permission.
For example, to send notifications to the user, a PWA has to request permission via the Notifications API, which looks something like this:
This will prompt browsers to show a dialog requesting users for the permission as shown below.
During development, you often need to test different user flows based on whether the user has granted or denied certain permissions. This can be achieved by using the App permissions list. With this list, you can validate and manage all the permissions that your app uses.
For example, to reset notifications permission:
- Open the App permissions page by clicking the View site information icon in the url bar or the Settings and more menu button in an installed PWA's title bar.
- Find Notifications in the list and reset it back to its default value.
- Alternatively you can also reset all permissions by clicking Reset permissions.
As you learned in Notifying Your Users of Updates, PWAs can improve engagement by sending push notifications to the user. This is achieved through the Push API and the Notifications API, both of which are accessible to service workers.
PWAs can subscribe to push messages from the server via the Push API. Once subscribed, a PWA will start receiving push events even if the application is closed. When a push event is received, the PWA can send a notification to the user via the Notifications API.
DevTools can track all these events for you, which can help you debug the entire user notification flow. To see the list of all the push messages and notifications in DevTools:
- Open DevTools.
- Open the Application tool.
- Open Push messaging under the Background services section.
- Click Start recording events to start listing push notification events in the table.
- For notifications, open Notifications under the Background services section and click Start recording events.
- Click on any notification to view the details.
Since the push events have to be triggered by the server, to test and debug push messaging flow in a PWA, you often have to send mock events from the server.
DevTools provides a convenient way to avoid this by simulating sending push events directly from the browser. To send mock push events in a PWA:
- Open DevTools and open the Application tool.
- Open Service Workers in the Application section.
- Type your test message in the Push input field.
- Click the Push button to send the message.
- You can then validate that the event was sent in the Push messaging table as described above.
The advantage of using these background APIs over Fetch or XMLHttpRequest is that network requests made through these APIs can be deferred until the PWA has active network connectivity and be done even when the PWA is not being used. Check out Synchronizing app data in the background for more information.
Similar to how you can view push messages and notifications, Background API events can also be viewed in DevTools. The Background services section of the Application tool has 3 sub-sections:
- Background Fetch can record the background fetch events.
- Background Sync can record background sync events.
- Periodic Background Sync can record periodic background sync events.
You can also send test background sync events and periodic background sync events in the Service Workers section, which works like when sending test push messages as explained previously.
These mock events trigger all the event handlers in PWA and also gets listed in the corresponding background services table.
To provide offline support, PWAs should be able to store data locally. There are multiple storage options for the web and you can read more about them here.
In PWAs, a recommended practice is to use Cache storage for storing static resources and IndexedDB is used for more structured data. You can learn more about IndexedDB in the upcoming Best Practices for Reliability article.
Yesterday, you learned about debugging cache issues in DevTools. To view and manage your app's IndexedDB data in DevTools:
- Open DevTools
- Open the Application tool.
- Under Storage, expand the IndexedDB section until you find your database and the table you want to open. Note that there can be multiple databases here.
- Your table appears in the main area of the tool, and you can view the data.
- The toolbar displayed at the top of the table can be used to clear the entire table or delete the selected row.
After reading yesterday's and today's articles in this series, you should have a pretty good understating of how the browser DevTools can be used for PWA development and debugging. A lot of PWA issues can be resolved with DevTools and development can be made easy by using the specialized tools we went over in the past two days.
The feature set available to PWAs is always growing and the DevTools is planning to add tooling support for these new features as well. If you have any feature requests or feedback, you can contact the Microsoft Edge DevTools team by clicking the Send Feedback button in upper right corner of DevTools.
Want to read more content from Microsoft technologists? Don't forget to follow Azure right here on dev.to: