In this tutorial, we'll build the basis of a Telemedicine App for iOS using Stream Chat, to deliver fully featured chat components, and Dolby.io, to deliver quality audio and video. Both solutions provide HIPAA compliance. By the end, we'll have an application similar to the screenshots below. As a bonus, it's compatible with both light and dark mode.
If you get lost during this tutorial, you can check the completed project in this GitHub repo. Let's get started with our telehealth app development!
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Dolby Interactivity APIs provide a platform for unified communications and collaboration. In-flow communications refers to the combination of voice, video, and messaging integrated into your application in a way that is cohesive for your end-users. This is in contrast to out-of-app communications where users must stop using your application and instead turn to third-party tools.
First, we open Xcode and create a Single View App project.
And make sure to select 'Storyboard' for the User Interface.
In the folder where you saved the project, run
pod init and add
VoxeetUXKit to the
Podfile. It should look similar to this:
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/b8e695db46653f8ba5c94bd2aa77c15d) - TIP: If you refresh the page, it may fix it!
After you do that, run
pod install, wait a bit for it to finish, and open the project via the
.xcworkspace that was created.
Sign up at GetStream.io, create the application, and make sure to select development instead of production.
To make things simple for now, let's disable both auth checks and permission checks. Make sure to hit save. When your app is in production, you should keep these enabled.
Now, save your Stream credentials, as we'll need them to power the chat in the app. Since we disabled auth and permissions, we'll only really need the key for now, but in production, you'll use the secret in your backend to implement proper authentication to issue user tokens for Stream Chat, so users can interact with your app securely.
As you can see, I've blacked out my keys. You should make sure to keep your credentials safe.
Configuring the Dolby.io dashboard is simpler. Just create an account there, and it should already set up an initial application for you.
Now, save your credentials, as we'll need them to power the audio and video streaming in the app. As with the Stream credentials, you use these for development. In production, you'll need to set up proper authentication. It's described in detail here.
The first step with code is to configure the Stream and Dolby SDK with the credentials from the dashboards. Open the
AppDelegate.swift file and modify it, so it looks similar to this:
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/f7587d7989ab34029bac2b302ac9fa62)
That code initializes the Dolby.io and Stream Chat SDKs with credentials you got in the previous two steps.
Let's start building the "Join" screen. This screen consists of two
UIButton instances. One to join as the Patient, and the other to join as the Doctor. This is, of course, an oversimplification to make this tutorial short and get to the chat, audio, and video features faster. In your complete app, you'll need proper registration, database, and all that. For this tutorial, the screen will look similar to the screenshot below.
Go to the storyboard, select the default view controller, and click
Editor > Embed In > Navigation Controller. That will place it under a navigation controller, which we'll use to navigate to the channel screen.
Make sure to rename
JoinViewController, so you don't get confused later on. You can do this easily by right-clicking on
ViewController.swift and selecting
To make things simple, let's leave the storyboard like this and use only code from now on. To set up the two buttons, we need the following code in
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/9bc4bf7446c999a8491cd72aa7eb0787)
That code sets up the views, the constraints, and the handlers we need. Let's start by extending
JoinViewController to define
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/9142eded9d7cd61c2d021b824c66bcc3)
That code will create the buttons and add them to the controller's view. Next, we need to define constraints between the three. Let's do this by extending
JoinViewController to define
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/c511a9d89d6f907d01be6691eed2cbc7)
That code will make sure the
patientButton stays in the center of the screen and the
doctorButton below it. Now we need to set up the handler for when the user presses the buttons. Let's do this again by extending the controller to define
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/f43793f739991392d28a67ce399705ab)
That code will make it so when the user presses the button a
ConsultViewController is created and set up for the doctor or patient, depending on which button was pressed. We'll create
ConsultViewController in the next step.
Now, let's create the screen where the patient and doctor will talk via chat and where they can begin a video call. We'll start by defining ConsultViewController. It will look similar to the screenshots below.
The first step is to create a ConsultViewController.swift file and paste the code below.
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/bdb9ecc570e966c700b3943e210b3273)
That code defines a subclass of ChatViewController, which provides most of the chat behavior and UI we need. It also defines the patient and doctor
User objects and a
Channel object between the two. These objects will be used to interact with the Stream API. On
viewDidLoad, we also call
setupHandlers to set up the views and handlers needed. We'll define those functions next.
But, let's first define the
setupPatient function that sets the current Stream Chat user as the patient, and the
setupDoctor function that sets it as the doctor.
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/94ffcc5526a0979b103755d85ff9de07)
Now we define
setupViews to set up the views we need.
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/628535f3838dbb477887f6c2e7cbf712)
Those functions will display a button which starts a call. For it to work, we'll need to define
setupHandlers as well.
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/9f3ffaacb2254adc3cb5f170626a9c2a)
Those functions set
callButtonPressed as the function to be called when the call button is pressed, which in turn calls
startCall, which we define next.
(dev.to might be showing a different snippet due to a bug, if so link is here: https://gist.github.com/cardoso/9946fda83650e60113d764a7e3198226)
Finally, that function uses the Dolby.io SDK to start a conference call.
If you run the app now, you'll be able to chat, but pressing the call button will cause the application to crash. That happens because we need to configure the usage descriptions for microphone and video in the
Info.plist file. To do this, just open
Info.plist and set the
NSCameraUsageDescription keys as pictured below.
Finally, we open the app in two devices, and, from the chat, we can start a call.
Congratulations! You've built the basis of a functioning telemedicine app with Stream Chat and Dolby.io. I encourage you to browse through Stream Chat's docs, Dolby.io's docs, and experiment with the project you just built. If you're interested in the business side of things, read about how Stream Chat provides HIPAA compliance and how Dolby.io provides HIPAA compliance. Good luck on your telemedicine app development!