The reason why you're here is probably because you wanna know what I did to load my portfolio website in just 0.8 seconds and achieved a performance score of 97 on lighthouse.
Link to my portfolio website is at the bottom.
I will lay out all my tips and tricks over here, which I implemented to achieve this! Let's get this thing started! 🤘
NOTE: According to Lighthouse, "Values are estimated and may vary. The performance score is based only on these metrics." This report was generated on 2nd of August, 06:29:22 PM IST. These scores might reflect a bit different on your machine due to internet connection speed or multiple extensions running in the background or I might add some features later. Also, I have "clearly" mentioned above that these scores were generated by Google Lighthouse. Don't expect the same score on any other tool. So, please don't try to troll on this basis and save your energy. Peace! ✌
My portfolio contains 487 DOM elements with a maximum DOM depth of 13 and a maximum of 20 child elements only!
If your DOM tree is very large, then it will slow down the performance of your webpage:
- Memory performance
Using general query selectors such as document.querySelectorAll('li'), stores references to a multiple nodes which can consume the memory capabilities of the device.
- Network efficiency and load performance
A big DOM tree has many nodes (not visible in first load), which slows down load time and increases data costs for your users.
- Runtime performance Whenever a user/ script interacts with your webpage, the browser needs to recompute the position and styling of nodes. having complicated style rules can slow down the rendering.
My portfolio has a total network payloads size of just 764 KB.
The total payload size of your website should be below 1600 KB.
To keep it low, you can do the following:
Defer requests until they're needed.
Minify and compress network payloads.
Set the compression level of JPEG images to 85.
Always remember, large network payloads cost large amounts of money.
Rather use PNG/ WebP format for dispalying static images. But if you want to display animated content then instead of using large GIFs (inefficient & pixelated) consider using MPEG4/ WebM video format.
Now, you will say what if I want their features like:
- Automatic play.
- Continuous loop.
- No audio.
Well let me rescue you from this, the HTML5
<video> element allows recreating these behaviors.
<video autoplay loop muted playsinline> <source src="my-animation.webm" type="video/webm"> <source src="my-animation.mp4" type="video/mp4"> </video>
Suppose your page is loading a JS file which fetched another JS and a CSS file, the page won't appear completely until both of those resources are downloaded, parsed, and executed.
If the browser would be able to start the requests earlier, then there would be much time saving. Luckily, you can do so by declaring preload links.
<link rel="preload" href="style.css" as="style">
Redirecting slows down the load speed of your webpage. When a browser requests a resource that has been redirected, the server returns an HTTP response. The browser must then make another HTTP request at the new location to retrieve that resource. This additional trip across the network can delay the loading of the resource by hundreds of milliseconds.
If you want to divert your mobile users to the mobile version of your webpage, consider redesigning your website to make it responsive.
Using the keyword
preconnect gives a signal to the bowser to establish early connections to important third-party origins.
<link rel="preconnect" href="https://www.google.com">
Doing so establishes a connection to the origin, and that informs the bowser that you want the process to start ASAP.
A compression level of 85 is considerd good enough for JPEG images. You can optimize your images in many ways:
- Compressing images.
- Using image CDNs.
- Avoiding GIFs.
- Serving responsive images.
- Lazy loading images.
Minification is the process of removing whitespace and any code that is not necessary to create a smaller but perfectly valid code file.
CSS files occupy more whitespace than any other file. By minifying them, we can save some bytes for sure!
Do you know that you can even change a color value to its shorthand equivalent, like #000000 can be reduced to #000, and will work just fine!
I use CSS Minifier for the same.
I can bet this is the most given advice when it comes to webperf because the size of images is far far far greater than any text script file, so an over-sized image might be an overkill.
You should never upload images that are larger than what's rendered on the screen, that will do no good.
You can either just simply resize your image dimensions or use:
- Responsive images.
- Image CDNs.
- SVG instead of icons.
Thank you for reading so far! 😄
Hope you learned something new from this! 😃
Here's the link to my portfolio website 👉 cmcodes
Check it out and do let me know your views! Eager to hear your opinion. 😁
Feel free to share your portfolio link in the comments below. I would be very happy to have a look at them. 😊
Happy Coding! 👨💻