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The Full-Stack Developer Vocabulary (Pt.3, The languages, tools and frameworks)

React? Docker? Solidity? AWS?

WTF is everyone talking about???

If you're new to this whole full-stack development thing and get confused by some of the words people use when talking about full-stack development, then stick around because in this 3 part series, I'll be compiling the most common words and phrases related to full-stack development. Of course, it will take much more time to learn the details of each of the things I'll be mentioning in these articles. These articles are just summarizers to give you an idea of what these words and phrases mean so that you can understand what people are referencing with them when talking about certain areas of full-stack development.

Part 3: The languages, tools and frameworks

1. ReactJS
You've probably heard a ton about React on, but what exactly is ReactJS?
React is currently the most popular javascript front-end framework.
Developed by Facebook in 2013, React is used to build interactive user interfaces.

2. Angular
Angular is a development platform, built on TypeScript. As a platform, Angular includes:

A component-based framework for building scalable web applications
A collection of well-integrated libraries that cover a wide variety of features, including routing, forms management, client-server communication, and more
A suite of developer tools to help you develop, build, test, and update your code
With Angular, you're taking advantage of a platform that can scale from single-developer projects to enterprise-level applications. Angular is designed to make updating as straightforward as possible, so take advantage of the latest developments with a minimum of effort.

3. Docker
Docker is a software platform that allows you to build, test, and deploy applications quickly. Docker packages software into standardized units called containers that have everything the software needs to run including libraries, system tools, code, and runtime. Using Docker, you can quickly deploy and scale applications into any environment and know your code will run.

4. Kubernetes
Kubernetes is a portable, extensible, open-source platform for managing containerized workloads and services.

The name Kubernetes originates from Greek, meaning helmsman or pilot. K8s as an abbreviation results from counting the eight letters between the "K" and the "s". Google open-sourced the Kubernetes project in 2014. Kubernetes combines over 15 years of Google's experience running production workloads at scale with best-of-breed ideas and practices from the community.

5. Rust
Rust is a statically-typed programming language designed for performance and safety, especially safe concurrency and memory management.

6. TensorFlow
TensorFlow is an end-to-end open source platform for machine learning. It has a comprehensive, flexible ecosystem of tools, libraries and community resources that lets researchers push the state-of-the-art in ML and developers easily build and deploy ML powered applications.

7. Solidity
Solidity is a statically-typed curly-braces programming language designed for developing smart contracts that run on Ethereum.

8. Laravel
Laravel is a PHP framework with expressive, elegant syntax. It is the most popular PHP framework.

9. Go
Go language is a programming language initially developed at Google in the year 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. It is a statically-typed language having syntax similar to that of C. It provides garbage collection, type safety, dynamic-typing capability, many advanced built-in types such as variable length arrays and key-value maps. It also provides a rich standard library. The Go programming language was launched in November 2009 and is used in some of Google's production systems.

10. jQuery
jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. It makes things like HTML document traversal and manipulation, event handling, animation, and AJAX much simpler with an easy-to-use API that works across a multitude of browsers. With a combination of versatility and extensibility, jQuery has changed the way that millions of people write JavaScript.

11. AJAX
Ajax stands for Asynchronous Javascript And XML. Ajax is just a means of loading data from the server and selectively updating parts of a web page without reloading the whole page.

Basically, what AJAX does is it makes use of the browser's built-in XMLHttpRequest(XHR) object to send and receive information to and from a web server asynchronously, in the background, without blocking the page or interfering with the user's experience.

Ajax has become so popular that you hardly find an application that doesn't use Ajax to some extent. The example of some large-scale Ajax-driven online applications are: Gmail, Google Maps, Google Docs, YouTube, Facebook, Flickr, and many more.

12. NodeJS
Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform, back-end JavaScript runtime environment that runs on the V8 engine and executes JavaScript code outside a web browser. Node.js lets developers use JavaScript to write command line tools and for server-side scripts to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user's web browser. Consequently, Node.js represents a "JavaScript everywhere" paradigm, unifying web-application development around a single programming language, rather than different languages for server-side and client-side scripts.

13. NPM
NPM is two things: first and foremost, it is an online repository for the publishing of open-source Node.js projects; second, it is a command-line utility for interacting with said repository that aids in package installation, version management, and dependency management. A plethora of Node.js libraries and applications are published on npm, and many more are added every day. These applications can be searched for on their website. Once you have a package you want to install, it can be installed with a single command.

14. CSS
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language such as HTML. CSS is a cornerstone technology of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and JavaScript.

CSS is designed to enable the separation of presentation and content, including layout, colors, and fonts. This separation can improve content accessibility; provide more flexibility and control in the specification of presentation characteristics; enable multiple web pages to share formatting by specifying the relevant CSS in a separate .css file, which reduces complexity and repetition in the structural content; and enable the .css file to be cached to improve the page load speed between the pages that share the file and its formatting.

15. Git
Git is a software used for tracking changes in any set of files, usually used for coordinating work among programmers collaboratively developing source code during software development. Its goals include speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows (thousands of parallel branches running on different systems).

16. AWS
Amazon Web Services, Inc. (AWS) is a subsidiary of Amazon providing on-demand cloud computing platforms and APIs to individuals, companies, and governments, on a metered pay-as-you-go basis. These cloud computing web services provide a variety of basic abstract technical infrastructure and distributed computing building blocks and tools. One of these services is Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which allows users to have at their disposal a virtual cluster of computers, available all the time, through the Internet. AWS's virtual computers emulate most of the attributes of a real computer, including hardware central processing units (CPUs) and graphics processing units (GPUs) for processing; local/RAM memory; hard-disk/SSD storage; a choice of operating systems; networking; and pre-loaded application software such as web servers, databases, and customer relationship management (CRM).

17. Google Cloud
Google Cloud Platform (GCP), offered by Google, is a suite of cloud computing services that runs on the same infrastructure that Google uses internally for its end-user products, such as Google Search, Gmail, Google Drive, and YouTube. Alongside a set of management tools, it provides a series of modular cloud services including computing, data storage, data analytics and machine learning.

18. Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Azure, often referred to as Azure, is a cloud computing service operated by Microsoft for application management via Microsoft-managed data centers. It provides software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and supports many different programming languages, tools, and frameworks, including both Microsoft-specific and third-party software and systems.

19. Selenium
The selenium package is used to automate web browser interaction from Python. It is often used to make bots and web scrapers.

20. Django
Django is a high-level Python web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. Built by experienced developers, it takes care of much of the hassle of web development, so you can focus on writing your app without needing to reinvent the wheel. It’s free and open source.

That's it for the The Full-Stack Developer Vocabulary.
You can find Part 1 here and Part 2 here.


Before I end the article, I'd like to recommend Educative for learning full-stack developers.
Why Educative?
It is home to hundreds of full-stack development hands on tutorials, guides, courses and demonstrations to help you stay ahead of the curve in your development journey.

You can get started with Educative here.

Top comments (8)

balapriya profile image
Bala Priya C

Thanks for sharing! I may have a small suggestion though. You could also use dev's series feature so that there's a clickable table to all your articles in this series at the top—and it facilitates easy navigation.

code_jedi profile image

Ah yes, I've seen others do it but I always forget to use that feature myself. I'll write down a reminder for next time.

hyperloop profile image

Really good work there but I would just like to point out that React is a library and not a framework.

miniza profile image

True but in many cases react is also labeled as a framework especially when you use it with things like Redux. Some people prefer calling React a framework and some prefer calling it a library.

hyperloop profile image

Can't argue with that, although it is a library it appears to be a framework even I used to think of it as a framework, doesn't matter what you call it though.

angeniandre profile image

What is most popular to be learned

davido242 profile image
Monday David S.

Real good... awesome piece!!

thewebking profile image
Kingsley Odibendi

Thanks for this a bit and hopefully, I’ll stop getting lost when i come across these terms.