DEV Community

loading...

Set Algorithms

ivywalobwa profile image Ivy-Walobwa ・2 min read

A set is a collection of any type of comparable data. Data in a set can occur only once.
Example;

{..., -3, -1, 1, 3, ...} is a set of odd numbers 

Basic Set Implementations

new Set() - create a new set
Set.prototype.has() - returns true if element is present in Set object
Set.prototype.add() - adds a new item to set object
Set.prototype.delete() - removes specified item from set object

1.Union Algorithm
This is a set algorithm that compares two sets and returns a third set that contains all of the unique items in both sets.

 function union(setA, setB) {
    let result = new Set(setA); // new set containing items in setA
    for (let elem of setB) {
        // add items from setB to the new set
        // an element can't be added twice
        result.add(elem); 
    }
    return result;
}

let setA = new Set([1, 2, 3]);
let setB = new Set([3, 4, 5]);
console.log(union(setA, setB));
// >> Set { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 }

2.Intersection Algorithm
Compares two sets and returns a third set that contains all of the matching members of both sets.

function intersection(setA, setB) {
    let result = new Set(); // new empty set
    for (let elem of setA) {
        if (setB.has(elem)){ // if matching elements found
            result.add(elem); // add to new set
        }
    }
    return result;
}

let setA = new Set([1, 2, 3]);
let setB = new Set([2, 3, 4]);
console.log(intersection(setA, setB));
// >> Set { 2, 3 }

3.Set Difference Algorithm
Takes two sets, A and B, and return all the items of A that are not members of B.

function setDifference(setA, setB) {
    let result = new Set(setA); 
    for (let item of setB) {
        result.delete(item); // delete items in A that exist in B
    }
    return result;
}

let setA = new Set([2, 3, 4]);
let setB = new Set([3, 4, 5]);
console.log(setDifference(setA, setB));
// >> Set { 2 }

4.Symmetric Difference Algorithm
Takes two sets and returns a third set that contains all of the members of both sets that are not in the other

function symmetricDifference(setA, setB) {
    let difference = new Set(setA);
    for (let elem of setB) {
        if (difference.has(elem)) {
            difference.delete(elem); // if item in B exists in A, remove
        } else {
            difference.add(elem) // else add to new set
        }
    }
    return difference;
}

let setA = new Set([1, 2, 3]);
let setB = new Set([2, 3, 4]);
console.log(symmetricDifference(setA, setB));
// >> Set { 1, 4 }

Symmetric Difference can also be described as the set difference of the intersection and union of the input sets

function symmetricDifference(setA, setB) {
    let intersectionResult = intersection(setA, setB)
    let unionResult = union(setA, setB);
    return setDifference(unionResult, intersectionResult,)
}
let setA = new Set([1, 2, 3]);
let setB = new Set([2, 3, 4]);
console.log(symmetricDifference(setA, setB));
// >> Set { 1, 4 }

Reference

Discussion (0)

pic
Editor guide