In this article, we will discuss extensively what Back-end Development is all about, back-end development tools and technologies, we will go further to talk about the things to consider as a Backend developer, we will move down to roles of a Backend Developer.
- What is Backend Development
- Who is a Backend Developer
- Backend Development tools and technologies
- Roles of a Backend developer
- Basic knowledge of computers
- Basic knowledge of programming essentials
- Basic knowledge of software development
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Backend Development is the term for the behind-the-scenes activities that happens when you do anything on a website or web application. It is mostly referred to the server-side of an application and everything that communicates between the database and the frontend/browser.
You can also say that it’s the server side of development that focuses primarily on how the site works.
By now you should guess right, who a Backend developer is, is based on what Backend development is all about.
A Backend Developer is a skilled software developer responsible for or skilled enough to understand, plan, develop and test the server-side/business logic of an application. In conjunction with other team members, he is responsible for deciding the best and suitable tools and technologies for the project at hand.
A computer that listens for incoming requests from the clients (frontend). Example of web servers are Apache Nginx, IIS servers, Tomcat.
A list of few things a Backend developer should learn under servers.
A static web server or stack consists of a computer (hardware) with an HTTP server (software). We call it “static” because the server sends its hosted files as it is to your browser”. It response/server static content.
A dynamic web server consists of a static web server plus extra software, most commonly an application server and a database. We call it “dynamic” because the application server updates the hosted files before sending them to your browser visa the HTTP server.
In a simple term, Dynamic Server responses/serves dynamic contents.
It comprises of the formal description of rules and formats of a digital messages.
- Load balancing
- Message queues
Databases are frequently used on the Backend of an application. These provides data persistence. These databases provide an interface to save data in a persistent way to memory.
- Stored procedure and triggers
- Wide knowledge of SQL, DDL & DML
- Strong database optimization skills
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When it comes to operating systems, I think every software developer should have a strong knowledge of their operating system.
An operating system is a collection of software that manages computer hardware and provides services for programmes.
Types of Operating Systems
- Mac OS
Every developer should have a basic knowledge of these OS concepts.
- Memory management
- Cloud computing
- Processes & process management
- Inter process communication
- Threads and concurrency
- Input and output management
- Distributed file system
Take a look at the 10 operating systems concept software developers need to remember by James Le.
There are great list of server-side programming languages and frameworks to choose from in building the business/server logic of any application.
Check out the top 5 Backend framework.
The list below shows a recommended list of common topics a Backend developer should master in any programming language of choice.
- Session management
- Authentication & Authorization
- Caching Mechanisms
- APIs & Web Services
- Software architectures (MVC)
- Software design patterns
- Algorithms and data structures
- Structured logging
- Debugging, profiling and tracing
- Software testing
- Frameworks and Package Managers
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- Performance Oriented
- Understands the goals of the software and comes up with effective solutions.
- Compile and analyze data, processes and codes to troubleshoot problems and identify areas of improvement.
- Collaborating with the frontend developers and other teams to establish objectives and design models (architecture).
- Manipulating data and ensure authorized access to it at all times.
- Developing, managing and working with external API resources across all devices securely.
- Organizing the logic of the system using and implementing proper algorithms.
Thanks for reading my Introduction to Backend Development. Everything I have listed above is from my personal experience.
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