React Jest Testing Help

kyletozer profile image Kyle Tozer ・1 min read

Hi everyone,

At the moment I am trying to test a method on a React component that contains some async logic. The method is called on a child component but it method on the child also calls a method on a parent (A Context API Provider). The method on the parent returns a promise, however the method does not resolve in the child. Is there a way I can get this method to complete in my Jest test? Am I going about testing completely wrong? I want the method to resolve so I can assert that the newItem property in Home.js has been reset. Happy New Year!


import React from 'react';
import { mount } from 'enzyme';
import App from '../App';
import Provider from '../components/Provider';

test('should add to the provider list', () => {
  const wrapper = mount(

  const child = wrapper.find('Home');
  const spy = jest.spyOn(child.instance(), 'addToList');

  child.setState({ newItem: { name: 'Cheese' } });


component method in Home.js

addToList(event) {

    const { newItem } = this.state;

    if (!newItem.name) return;

      .then(() => {
        this.setState(() => ({
          newItem: { name: '' }
      .catch(err => {

component method in Provider.js

addToList(newItem) {
    return new Promise(resolve => {
      this.setState(state => {
        return state;
      }, resolve);

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First of all, there doesn't seem to be a reason for the addToList function to return a promise. Second, I've found that relying on internal implementation of a component in tests makes them fragile (for example if later on you'll want to turn your component to a fictional component). In your case that would be where you add a spy on the function.
I'd suggest that you split the tests in two - one for the Provider and one for Home, and user mocks where applicable.


Agreed. React Testing Library is a pretty good way to test that abode testing implementation details. testing-library.com/