Artificial intelligence is a trending technology from quite a few years now. You must have heard a lot about it in tech news and blogs. There are various predictions about the future of Artificial intelligence but have you ever been keen to about its initial stages?
In contemporary times, AI along with its subsets machine learning and deep learning are ruling the innovations in the software industry market. In fact, the magic of AI is such that 41 percent of consumers are expecting that their life will change with AI in the future. Do you have the same perception?
What is the meaning of AI?
Before analyzing the past, present, and future of AI, let’s get a clear idea about its core meaning. Artificial intelligence is to impart abilities of human minds to the computer-based software.
The AI-based applications can perform the functions which were earlier restricted to the minds of humans. The logical reasoning and cognitive thinking are now seamlessly performed by technology.
Undoubtedly, artificial intelligence along with its subsets machine learning and deep learning has revolutionized the concept of machines. They have become more interactive, supportive and humanly in their features as well as performance.
Let’s travel back to the birth of AI
Technology enthusiasts started exploring this marvelous technology almost six decades ago. Although its concept was in existence from the past few centuries since the 1950s there has been no hindrance in its evolution.
The increasing capacities of software developers are empowering this technology in a continual process. When we talk about the history of AI, the first name which pop-ups in our mind are of Alan Turing.
He started questioning the concept of adding intelligence to machines since the time general-purpose computers were released. Although two years after his death, the term “Artificial Intelligence” was actually coined.
Artificial intelligence timeline
Here are the few major facts from the history of Artificial Intelligence:
Alan Turing developed a test to determine whether a machine can have human intelligent behavior or not.
A computer scientist from America, John McCarthy coined the term Artificial Intelligence in 1955.
In 1961, First Robot was introduced at general motors.
In 1965, MIT AI laboratory-created Eliza, the first chatbot on Natural Language Processing (NLP)
Garry Kasparov, the chess world champion was defeated in 1997 by a chess-playing computer called IBM’s Deep Blue.
In 1999, MIT AI laboratory-developed Kismet, the first emotional AI demo.
The development of self-driving cars was started by Google in 2009.
2011 saw a lot in AI. Jeopardy champions were defeated by IBM Watson. Cortana, Google Now and Siri became popular.
World champion Lee Sedol was defeated in Go (an ancient Chinese board game) by Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo in 2016.
2017- the year when skin cancer and heart rhythms were diagnosed by medical breakthroughs with AI.
The evolution of AI in the past 70 years is appreciable. From the 1950s to 2019, with the contribution of computer scientists, companies and software developers, Artificial intelligence along with its subsets, deep learning, and machine learning have reached every industry.
Artificial Intelligence in 2019: The present
In contemporary times, Artificial intelligence is one of the areas where companies are willing to invest. Businesses to all niches have hired or willing to hire software developers to make their operations AI-based.
Today, neglecting this technology can bring repercussions for your business. Do you know how many companies have no plans to use AI? Only 22 percent! It was found out in a review study by MIT Sloan Management and Boston Consulting group.
Here are some other findings of their study:
According to the above representations, 84 percent of the respondents believe that adoption or sustaining AI will allow them to get a competitive advantage. This technology is seen as a strategically important service which has to be added in the offerings of businesses of every field, from tourism to healthcare.
There are a number of AI tech that is ruling the software development world. You can incorporate them into your business to reap the benefits of artificial intelligence. Here is the list of top AI tech in 2019:
Security has been a primary concern in human civilizations from the times they have been established. Ways to provide security has been evolved greatly over centuries and AI is contributing to the same.
Do you know how artificial intelligence is helpful to the world for increasing security? You all can connect with the fingerprint and face recognition unlocking option in your smartphones. This is a perfect example of the impact of Artificial Intelligence on human lifestyle.
The physical characteristics are used to identify humans under this AI-based technology. “Biometrics is the most pertinent means of identifying and authenticating individuals in 2018.” as per an international digital security company, Gemalto.
It is not confined to the recognition of speech and image. Today, visual biometric devices can recognize fingers, iris, retina, and face. These devices are used to authenticate the person when an authorized entry is allowed.
The popularity of machine learning as a means to achieve artificial intelligence is rising. This subset of AI allows the machines to learn but it does not require a software programmer to stuff them with codes!
ML works on algorithms which are based on statistical calculations and methods. Some of the top Machine learning packages are used extensively in 2019 are Apache Spark ML, IBM’s SPSS, Microsoft Azure and Scikit learn.
Various applications and products developed on the concept of machine learning are dynamic web search, image processing, self-driving cars, etc. Have you ever used Google maps to navigate a place? It works on the algorithms of machine learning!
Robotic process automation:
Around the globe, robotics have given a great boom to the rise of artificial intelligence. Softwares have been replaced with human interactions after the onset of robotic process automation. It involves developing robots that can provide sensory feedback and process information.
With the use of this AI tech, you can perform a number of tasks, solve a query, perform complex calculations, log in and log out. These tasks can be done with supreme accuracy and reliability at a faster rate.
Researchers believe that these services have the possibilities and capabilities of reaching out to the areas of human resources, finance, and accounting. Many processes in various industries from healthcare to hospitality has been automated with the help of robots.
Internet of things:
IoT is popularly used in combination with artificial intelligence. Their applications are defining the trends of the software industry. One of the popular examples is automated vacuum cleaners which came into existence in the year 2002.
Although it is not that broadly recognized as other AI applications. Some other examples of integration of AI with the internet of things (IoT) are smart thermostat solutions and self-driving vehicles.
It is expected that in future they will be used in combination for security devices, emotional analysis, and face recognition. This combination can be explained in a nutshell as a computer program communicating with a device. You can assume AI to be the brain of the body (IoT).
Have you ever wondered how the human brain works? It works with neurons that are extensively connected. In the same way, a kind of programming is developed which makes machines to work on neural network.
This is known as Artificial Neural Network (ANN) programming. It is developed under the deep learning technology. The parent technology of deep learning is machine learning which is succeeded with AI.
ANN first came into application in 1989. Representatives from Carnegie Mellon University were the first to develop an autonomous vehicle with the use of neural networks.
Moreover, as the science has developed over the years, today we are more concerned about how the brain actually works rather than concentrating on stimulating the brain. It is actually improving our knowledge about ourselves and bringing progress in neuroscience with the developments in artificial intelligence.
Future of artificial intelligence:
There are various speculations about how artificial intelligence will change the future. After reading about the marvelous growth and achievements of AI and its subset in the past few decades, it has become certain that the impact of AI will be profound in the coming years.
Some of the statistics that assure that AI has a promising future are given below:
The global market of AI is forecasted to reach $60 billion by 2025.
The productivity of a business can be increased by 40% with the use of AI.
Complex human behaviors like flirting and jokes will be mimicked by robots by next year as believed by Google analysts.
Are you excited to know what exactly the future of AI holds for us? Let’s explore the future of technologies which are based on the application of AI. These emerging technologies in artificial intelligence are going to rule the future for sure! Here are certain things that the AI will gift us in future:
AI will produce more robots like Sophia: Science-fiction has already depicted the human-like robots and their capacity for complex actions. It is expected that in the future there will be more robots like Sophia. They will be developed by integrating the robotics with Artificial intelligence technologies like face recognition and visual data processing.
Competition among virtual assistants will increase: Amazon’s Alexa and Echo are dominating the market of virtual assistants. But do you need more options to choose from? Their performance might improve and new functions will be added. In the future, everyone will have their personal AI virtual assistant.
Chatbots will be more empathetic: The chatbots previously were programmed with some specific replies but in future, they will be more interactive. Whenever you visit a website, you will be able to interact with chatbots that are more responsive and understanding of your needs and expectations.
AI will improve healthcare: Already there are many devices which can help doctors to diagnose a lot in patients like respiration and heart rate. Still, there is room for a lot of improvement. In the future, patients will get better and quick assistance with the help of Artificial intelligence.
Face recognition will become your identity: Biometric is already everywhere. But, in the future it is expected that to enhance the security of various activities, face recognition will become universal. Soon your credit cards and driving license will be linked to recognizing with your face.
At the end of this blog, we can conclude that Artificial intelligence has always been a powerful force to affect the lifestyle of humans. Since its inception in the last century, AI has evolved from simple mind influencing technologies to devices that can actually perform functions of the human mind.
The AI technologies like biometric devices, AI-based robots, voice integrated searches, virtual assistants, etc. are revolutionizing the way people live today. Artificial intelligence technologies are calling for innovations as the industry is already enjoying a rollercoaster ride of new changes every other day.
If you too possess an out-of-the-box idea to maximize the limits of AI then do not let it waste. You can take guidance from the software development companies in India to change your vision into reality.
Do you have anything else to share about the journey of artificial intelligence? I welcome you to share your knowledge with us in the comment section below. I will take your suggestions into account for my future writings.