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Samantha Ming
Samantha Ming

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Quick Debug using || with console.log

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It's always a pain to debug 1-line arrow function with a console.log. Why? b/c we need to convert it to a multi-line first. No more! Just use || before your expression. It outputs both your console.log and expression πŸ‘

And clean up is a breeze! No more messy re-conversion back to a 1-line. Just remove your console.log. And you're done πŸ˜†

// βœ…
() => console.log('πŸ€–') || expression

// ❌
() => {
  return expression


Let's take a look at a simple example of how this would work:

const numbers = [1,2,3]; => number * 2);

// βœ… Debug quickly by prepending with `||` => console.log(number) || number * 2);

// ❌ No need to expand it to multi line =>  {
  return number * 2;

How does the || work?

Often times we think the || operator is only used in conditional statements. However, you can also think of it as a selector operator. It will always evaluate one of the 2 expressions.

Because console.log always return undefined, which is a falsy value. The second expression will always be evaluated πŸ‘

To learn more about the || operator, check out my previous post here

Community Input

Using the Comma operator

@phenax5: You can also use the comma operator. Separate two expressions with a comma and it will execute the first one and then the second and return with the second one.

a => (console.log(a), a + 5);

And let me break up the example so it's very clear where the 2 expressions are:

a => (
  a + 5

⚠️ Watch your comma placement

But make sure you don't do this. I made that mistake when I first saw his example. You don't want to stick the expression inside the console.log. If you do that, your function would not return anything and nothing would be evaluated. Hence, breaking your function. So be careful with your comma placement πŸ˜…

a => (
  console.log(a, a + 5),

Using || with TypeScript

If you're working with TypeScript and depends on how you set it up. Using this debugging technique might give you an error and prevent your code from compiling. In that case, you can suppress the error using ts-ignore.

Using ts-ignore should not be a huge deal in this case because the console.log is only there temporarily while you debug. Once you're done, you should definitely remove it.

// @ts-ignore: Unreachable code error
() => console.log('πŸ€–') || expression

Thanks: @stramel89


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Top comments (4)

jrop profile image
Jonathan Apodaca

Nice strategy!

samanthaming profile image
Samantha Ming

Totally is! Great knowledge to add to your toolkit, it’s been super handy for me πŸ™‚βœŒοΈ

gutterball profile image

That's really neat! Thanks for sharing, I'll definitely implement this approach πŸ˜ƒ

samanthaming profile image
Samantha Ming • Edited

No problem! Especially with all the ES6 arrow functions, this technique has been super handy for me!