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Strikethrough using HTML5

samanthaming profile image Samantha Ming Originally published at samanthaming.com ・4 min read

Code Tidbit by SamanthaMing.com

CSS is great for styling, but not so good for providing meaning of your content. That's what HTML semantic tags are for. When you're trying to strikethrough content, there's typically a reason you're doing that. And that reason can be described using the proper HTML tag. Communicate that using <del> or <s> and give your code semantic meaning 🙌

<s>Text no longer relevant</s>

Text no longer relevant

<del>Text removed from document</del>
Text removed from document

<s> vs <del>

Yes, they are both strikethroughs. However, they convey different meaning about the content. So they are not interchangeable. You want to pick the one that reflects what you are trying to achieve. Let's start with the definition.

<s>

Use this when you are trying to represent things that are no longer relevant or not longer accurate.

✅ A good example of this is for Price Discount

<p><s>$100</s></p>
<p>$999.99</p>

On sale!

$100
$899

❌ However, this tag shouldn't be used when indicating document edits. That's where <del> come in.

<del>

Use this when you want to indicated something is removed from the document

✅ A good example of this is for Todo List

<p>TODO</p>

<ul>
  <li><del>Get a Job</del></li>
  <li>Become a Senior Developer</li>
</ul>

TODO

  • Get a Job
  • Become a Senior Developer

Rule

Here's how I remember which to use. If the content represents something deleted, use <del>. And for all other instances, use the <s> 👍


Using <del> with <ins>

Here's where I think <del> really shines. You can pair it up for <ins> and use them together to create an interface that track and record changes that happened in your document.

Example: Text Editor

<p>My name is
  <del>Smanta</del>
  <ins>Samantha</ins>
</p>

My name is Smanta  Samantha

Example: Git Interface

<table>
  <tr>
    <td><del>+ function TEA() {</del></td>
    <td><ins>- function tea() {</ins></td>
  </tr>
</table>
function TEA(){- function tea(){

<strike>

You might have seen the <strike> tag. This is actually the old tag that was deprecated in HTML4. It was replaced with a more semantically appropriate <s> and <del> tags, which was introduced in HTML5.

The <del> and <s> is quite well supported, even in Internet Explorer. Although some browser may still support the <strike> tags, it's best practice to avoid it 🙅‍♀️


Accessibility Concerns

These particular tags, unfortunately, won’t be read by most screen readers. But you can use ::before and ::after property to have it announced. However best not to abuse this technique as some people deliberately disable announcing content that creates verbosity ✨

<del>

del::before,
del::after {
  clip-path: inset(100%);
  clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);
  height: 1px;
  overflow: hidden;
  position: absolute;
  white-space: nowrap;
  width: 1px;
}

del::before {
  content: " [deletion start] ";
}

del::after {
  content: " [deletion end] ";
}

/* MDN */

<s>

s::before, 
s::after {
  clip-path: inset(100%);
  clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);
  height: 1px;
  overflow: hidden;
  position: absolute;
  white-space: nowrap;
  width: 1px;
}

s::before {
  content: " [start of stricken text] ";
}

s::after {
  content: " [end of stricken text] ";
}

/* MDN */

Community Inputs

💬 What are some HTML strikethrough use cases you've seen? Let's take a look at what the community said 👀

  • @its4zahoor: I have seen it a lot in Price Discount of Product promotions Screens. Case: Strike through the real price & show discounted one along

  • @jamielarchin__: In an account creation form when there is a password field, list the password requirements and then strikethrough them as the user has completed each one.

  • @kotpes: Chat apps

  • @ultrasamad: Seen in completed todo list items


Resources


Thanks for reading ❤
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Discussion (7)

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skhmt profile image
Mike S • Edited

<s> doesn't seem to work on chrome, none of the <s> examples in your article show a strikethrough to me. Chrome 75, Win64.

edit: nevermind, inspected the doc and the examples just aren't wrapped with <s> in the article I'm seeing.

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samanthaming profile image
Samantha Ming Author

Cool, glad you got it to work 👍

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cristiano profile image
cristiano

Amazing! Thank you for adding a few remarks on accessibility as well. 🙌

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samanthaming profile image
Samantha Ming Author

Totally! Accessibility is a topic that I missed when I first started web programming. But it’s super important. We talk about how the internet is inclusive, accessibility is a big part for that. So it’s a topic I believe every web developer need to be incorporate in their code 😊👍

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mercier_remi profile image
Rémi Mercier

Constantly amazed by HTML's semantic. Thanks for sharing this + accessibility tricks! 👏

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samanthaming profile image
Samantha Ming Author

You’re welcome! Accessibility is a topic I want to talk more about! So expect more, possibly as a series 😁👏

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its4zahoor profile image
Abdul Zahoor Malik 🇵🇰

LoL I see my feedback above :-). I just joined dev.to and was searching my welcome post. Searched my username and landed here :-D. Thanks for adding my valuable feedback :-)