In this tutorial, I will show you how to give a cartoon-effect to an image in Python with OpenCV.
OpenCV is an open-source python library used for computer vision and machine learning. It is mainly aimed at real-time computer vision and image processing. It is used to perform different operations on images which transform them using different techniques.
Many apps can turn your photos into cartoons, but you can do this on your own with few lines of code Python code.
This is our test image:
Let's jump to the code.
import numpy as np import cv2
after that we we read our image:
filename = 'elon.jpeg'
then we will define our
def resizeImage(image): scale_ratio = 0.3 width = int(image.shape * scale_ratio) height = int(image.shape * scale_ratio) new_dimensions = (width, height) resized = cv2.resize(image, new_dimensions, interpolation = cv2.INTER_AREA) return resized
the we need to find contours:
def findCountours(image): contoured_image = image gray = cv2.cvtColor(contoured_image, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY) edged = cv2.Canny(gray, 30, 100) contours, hierarchy = cv2.findContours(edged, cv2.RETR_EXTERNAL, cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_NONE) cv2.drawContours(contoured_image, contours, contourIdx=-1, color=1, thickness=1) cv2.imshow('Image after countouring', contoured_image) cv2.waitKey(0) cv2.destroyAllWindows() return contoured_image
after that, we do a color quantization:
def ColorQuantization(image, K=4): Z = image.reshape((-1, 3))
then we convert image to numpy float32:
Z = np.float32(Z)
also we need to define critera and apply kmeans:
criteria = (cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_EPS + cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_MAX_ITER, 10000, 0.0001) compactness, label, center = cv2.kmeans(Z, K, None, criteria, 1, cv2.KMEANS_RANDOM_CENTERS)
then we convert to
uint8 and apply to original image:
center = np.uint8(center) res = center[label.flatten()] res2 = res.reshape((image.shape)) return res2
if __name__ == "__main__": image = cv2.imread(filename) resized_image = resizeImage(image) coloured = ColorQuantization(resized_image) contoured = findCountours(coloured) final_image = contoured save_q = input("Save the image? [y]/[n] ") if save_q == "y": cv2.imwrite("cartoonized_"+ filename, final_image) print("Image saved!")
Thank you all.