Postgres is one of the most popular open-source Relational databases. You can read more about it here. The purpose of this blog to explain how you can take a backup of your Postgres database running with and without docker using the docker image and why I have created this image.
Running Postgres inside the docker is very easy. Docker hub has an official postgres image that we can run. With a single command, we can start using Postgres database. The issue happens when we want to run a backup with cron. There are many ways to do this. We can follow official documentation as well to automate the backup on Linux. The advantage of using docker is flexibility and no platform dependency. The official document only shows us how to run cron job on Linux. This will add the os level of dependency that we wanted to ignore. When searching for the backup docker image, I was not able to find any Docker image that supports Postgres 13 with S3 backup support. Existing images are not up-to-date.
To tackle the problem, I have created my own docker image. To start the backup, follow the below instruction.
Required Environment Variables
All the environment variables from https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/libpq-envars.html are supported because we are using native postgres-client binary for backup.
- PGHOST: behaves the same as the host connection parameter. eg. postgresql
- PGHOSTADDR: behaves the same as the hostaddr connection parameter. This can be set instead of or in addition to
PGHOSTto avoid DNS lookup overhead.
- PGHOST: postgresql
- PGPORT: 5432
- PGDATABASE: database
- PGUSER: postgres
- PGPASSWORD: password
- S3_HOST: https://storage.googleapis.com || s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com || nyc3.digitaloceanspaces.com
- S3_BUCKET: BUCKET
- S3_ACCESS_KEY: ACCESS_KEY
- S3_SECRET_KEY: SECRET_KEY
- CRON_SCHEDULE: "* * * * *". Read more https://crontab.guru/
Docker Run Command
docker run -d \ --name postgres-backup \ -v $(pwd)/backups:/backups \ -e PGHOST=postgresql -e PGPORT=5432 -e PGDATABASE=db_name -e PGUSER=postgres -e PGPASSWORD=password -e S3_ACCESS_KEY=ACCESS_KEY -e S3_SECRET_KEY=SECRET_KEY -e S3_BUCKET=BUCKET -e S3_HOST=https://storage.googleapis.com || s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com || nyc3.digitaloceanspaces.com -e CRON_SCHEDULE="@daily" docker.pkg.github.com/thakkaryash94/docker-postgres-backup/docker-postgres-backup:latest
That's it, now the container should be up and running.