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Max Anselmo
Max Anselmo

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Beginners Guide to CRUD using JavaScript

So you want to write your own CRUD functionality in JavaScript? Well this is the right place to be!
But first off, what the heck is CRUD?

CRUD stands for:
Create - Read - Update - Delete

These are the four cardinal functions used when interacting with a database or dealing with data in general, and to use that functionality in JavaScript, we're going to use something called fetch to make a http request.

fetch is a built in JavaScript function that is not compatible with older browsers, but works very well with the modern browsers that do support it.

fetch takes in an address where the http request should be sent to, and optionally takes in options (method, headers, body, etc) and returns a promise (the container that our fetch response is in).

The most basic fetch request is a Get request. This is an example of our Read crud functionality.

Here is how we will set up our get request using fetch:

const whereWeWantToFetch = "url"
fetch(whereWeWantToFetch)
.then(res => res.json())
.then(data => console.log(data))
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When no method is included, and the only argument passed to fetch is the url, the default operation will be a Get request.

The url is going to be where we are fetching to, where our database is.
We then convert our promise returned from our fetch to usable json, and finally then take our data and do whatever we want with it! (Although here we simply console.log it)

The next example request is a Post request. This is an example of our Create crud functionality.
Here is how we will set up our post request:

const whatIWantToPost = "Post me!"
const whereWeWantToFetch = "url"
fetch(whereWeWantToFetch, {
    method: "POST",
    headers: {
        "Content-Type": "application/json"
    },
    body: JSON.stringify(whatIWantToPost)
})
.then(res => res.json())
.then(data => console.log(data))
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Notice the post requires a few extra bits compared to our get request. Here we need to include a method (what we are doing, here we are POSTing), headers (letting the server know what type of data to expect from the post request), and a body (what we are sending in the post request)

The third example request is a Patch request. This is an example of our Update crud functionality.
Here is how we will set up our Patch request:

const itemToUpdate = {...}
const whereWeWantToFetch = "url/${itemToUpdate.id}"
fetch(whereWeWantToFetch, {
    method: "PATCH",
    headers: {
        "Content-Type": "application/json"
    },
    body: JSON.stringify({
        key: "updatedValue"
    })
})
.then(res => res.json())
.then(data => console.log(data))
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The patch request is similar to post, however here we are updating an existing item in our database.
Notice here we have to include an id at the end of our url to specify which item in our database we would like to update.

The final and relatively simple request is our Delete request, completing our CRUD acronym.

const itemToDelete = {...}
const whereWeWantToFetch = "url/${itemToDelete.id}"
fetch(whereWeWantToFetch, {
    method: "DELETE"
})
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Delete requires no headers or body, only a method, as it is just removing something from our database.

... and with that, you now have all the basics to implement CRUD functions into your JavaScript application!

Here's some additional resources on the topic:
javascript docs
mozilla
w3schools

Discussion (1)

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Nahid Faraji

Thank You!