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Ka Wai Cheung
Ka Wai Cheung

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What are your personal stories/examples of "naming things"?

Most programmers are familiar with the quote, "There are only two hard things in Computer Science: cache invalidation and naming things." I'm curious about your personal experiences with the latter.

  • What are some examples of really bad names you've encountered in code?
  • What about the alternative -- any really good names that have stuck with you?
  • What frameworks/libraries do it well or do it poorly?
  • Has a really poor name ever come back to haunt you (i.e. caused you hours of extra debugging or misled you?)

I know we all have strategies for naming things, but I'm really curious about your personal examples and stories.

Top comments (20)

r0f1 profile image
Florian Rohrer

I am annoyed when variable names seem correct at first glance, but turn out to be not exactly what the name says. I was working on a project, where the was a variable called n_items, and you would assume, that it stored the number of items. However, it was calculated like this:

n_items = item_ids.max()

where the array of item_ids goes from 0 to the number of items minus one. So actually, n_items was the number of items minus one. Super confusing, super dangerous. I encountered that discrepancy, because I saw these kinds of loops, further below:

for elem in range(n_items + 1):
developerscode profile image
Ka Wai Cheung • Edited

Yuck. Thanks for sharing :)

ben profile image
Ben Halpern

To comment on each point:

  • I've regretted trying to get too domain-specific with names. Better off using conventions if they exist in the functionality of the thing. It really lowers the communication barriers.
  • On the good side, for we have a type of notification that we can send to a segment of the users from the mothership. We haven't really used it but it's functionality we'd use to notify folks of interesting updates without being too obtrusive about it. I recall @andy was working on it and really didn't have a good clear name in mind and we had a really good brainstorm and came up with Broadcast which is such a good word, it's remarkable it didn't come to us sooner. But it's so easy to say that in hindsight.
  • Just yesterday I wrote a little mini-rant on Google's naming and describing of "progressive web apps" and other things. It's a bit of a marketing + software naming hiccup, but I think it generally applies.
  • Going back to the first point, I once decided to name what should have absolutely been User as Customer because I thought it would encourage a more focused sales-oriented mindset. At that initial base stage it seemed to make sense. It was really confusing and regretful almost immediately.
developerscode profile image
Ka Wai Cheung

Great points Ben!

Curious -- why was the Customer name so confusing? Were there other names in the domain revolving around "people" or was it just that User is so synonymous with "a representation of a human being in code form"?

ben profile image
Ben Halpern

It just seemed like every time we went to talk about the model, we had to clarify that customer was the main user model. Also it was Rails, where conventions are strong and everybody calls it user.

wdehaes profile image
Willem Dehaes • Edited

I studied finance in college, and for our final thesis, my thesis partner and I had to do quite a bit of statistical coding in a software program called Stata. We were running heavy calculations on large datasets, and to avoid running out of memory, we frequently had to delete columns containing intermediate results. For that, we had to use the Stata drop statement.

We started off using meaningful variable names, but we quickly grew bored of that, and as a way of letting of steam, we decided to get more creative with our naming. One night, after a day of particularly tedious programming, we decided to name a variable theBase, so when we no longer needed it we could write this glorious statement.

drop theBase

In our exhausted minds, it was the most hilarious line of code ever written. Meanwhile, the rest of the campus library was staring rather disapprovingly at those two idiots laughing uncontrollably at their IDE.

tsupinie profile image
Tim Supinie

Speaking of funny but objectively bad variable names. When he was in grad school in meteorology, a friend of mine had an assignment that required some Python coding. I think he'd reached a point in the class where he stopped caring, and coding wasn't his favorite thing anyway. But he named his variables stuff like heyo, heyo1, and some almost-but-not-quite curse words that I'm not sure I should put here. It perfectly fit with his sense of humor, so we thought they were pretty hilarious. I'm not sure the professor who taught the class did, though.

kauhat profile image
Jack Fletcher • Edited

WordPress will use a "nonce" token to prevent duplicate input and CSRF attacks. That's all well and good, but in British English that word has another, sinister meaning. Occasionally we'll have a caching issue and a token will be re-used. WordPress usually displays a nondescript "Are you sure you want to do this?" error, but some plugins will print "Invalid/Bad Nonce" right there on the screen.

I've had to explain to a couple of clients that this is indeed correct and is a technical term. Unfortunately one of those clients was a school.

developerscode profile image
Ka Wai Cheung • Edited

Hey Jack-

Yep, I've definitely seen nonce used in URLs (not just in WP). I had no idea there was that alternate meaning in British English!

carlfish profile image
Charles Miller

We had just released Confluence 1.0 back in 2004, and as part of the cleanup we decided to move whatever non-app-specific code might be useful to the next product into shareable libraries.

The plan was to move all the code from the app into a temporary bucket while we untangled the remaining dependencies, and then break that staging library up into its more specific parts (ORM stuff, Spring stuff, app configuration stuff, and so on.)

I wanted to make it obvious to any developer which code was still in need of migration during this process, so I named the bucket library 'bucket', and all the java packages, 'bucket.whatever'.

When I left the company ten years later, we were still depending on 'bucket'.

fnh profile image
Fabian Holzer • Edited

I do have a pet peeve with abbreviations - for me they tend to drain the concentration I would much rather use on my actual work.

For example, I recently saw "cd" as a variable name, I was able to guess it correctly in the context (change detection), but well, I used the same API just the day before in another project. But I cd to change directory, and still have a nice collection of compact disks, and I had a context definition not so long ago - you see where this leads.

It is a sign of lazyness and not caring about anyone else who might read the code you write. Also, at least if a decent type system and a reasonable IDE is at hand, you don't even save so many key strokes.

What I sometimes actually do - usually in early stages - is to name things I have a hard time finding a really good name for in an manner that pains me while reading - as a marker to not let something so generic that it becomes meaningless or obscure be checked in. So if you pass my screen you might see something of type BlablaEntityIReallyShouldMakeMyMindUpAbout. ;)

I've also done this with a build task once. I had spend half a workday desperately trying out things and in the end it worked and I had a hard time understanding why, so gulp ran for the next two month a task called something like "compile:horrible-horrible-workaround-which-makes-me-question-my-career-decisions".

Generally speaking, I try to avoid making a mess in the first place. ;)

miffpengi profile image

I was recently working on a tool for my internal use and I had no idea what to call it. I ended up just punting and calling it "Seborrhea" in reference to the Dilbert TV series.

jsrn profile image
James • Edited

This doesn't really answer the question, but it relates to the difficulty of naming things well.

Something I've noticed with basically every new developer that joins our company is that at some point they ask me "what do you think I should call the object that <...>".

Almost always, by coming up with a short description of the object to put into the question, they answer their own question without realising it. So I just repeat that back to them.

stm555 profile image
Seth Thornberry

method name "dome" .. I puzzled for a long time trying to figure out why they named the function after a semi-spherical shape until another dev pointed out that they just hadn't camel-cased it and it was even worse.

I also get a twitch any time I see a variable named or suffixed with "data" .. the Tautology Club has many members.

dvdmuckle profile image
David Muckle

Naming computers is fun. Naming variables is not. With computers, you can have some sort of theme going on that partially related to their uses (IE all our servers are named after Greek gods.), and since there are usually so few of them, that's fine. With variables, you have to name them in a useful yet concise manner. That gets hard if you're dealing with similar variables, of functions that are closely tied with these variables.

0nix profile image

I have a lot of fun with internal versioning names, since we conduct Integration Testing in another machine: I use cities in a particular state of the union in alphabetical order. So for example I have Geneva2 (New York) or Gainesville8 (Florida). It allows me to talk with my team about the latest version in an easy to remember way.

janvanthoor profile image

Worst, and yet, somehow best, name ever, I gave to a Javascript component I wrote as a lightweight version of jQuery UI Dialog. I gave the component the name TRELOMS, which stood for "Trivago EierLegende Overlay MilchSau". Stuck around for years, even became part of the vocabulary on non-tech people... :D Sometimes a humorously descriptive name can be perfect, internally the component named itself "overlay engine", which is more accurate, but just... boring :D

parsley72 profile image

My first job we had a 32-bit unsigned int for assigning IDs to every graphics primitive in the system, so it incremented every time a new one was created. The variable was called "john_holtons_salary", which was the name of the CEO at the time.

brianlakstins profile image

Naming something "event". Even if there is something that you are developing that occurs at a certain time, having the word "event" as some kind of business object when it's also a kind of key word in many languages is just confusing.

Basically, naming anything close to the name of a key word throws me off when reading through the code...

sushanthmlore profile image
Sushanth M

I'm currently involved in writing code for an insurance company's project. Their enterprise data model is dominated by an object with the name "EstimateOrContract"(name altered for confidentiality). This object represents an insurance policy estimate initially and then the actual insurance contract after the policy is sold.