## DEV Community

Emura Daisuke

Posted on • Updated on

# 颯式(Hayate-Shiki)

It has the following features.

• Comparison sort
• Stable sort
• External area: N
• Best: O (N)
• Average: O (N log N)
• Worst: O (N log N)
• Recursion: None

# Basic algorithm

• The external area is regarded as a 2N continuous band.
• The following rules apply when placing values ​​in the external area.
• If (maximum <= value), place it above the ascending order column and update the maximum.
• If (value < minimum), place it below the descending column and update the minimum.
• If (minimum <= value < maximum), place new values ​​(maximum and minimum) in ascending order column, and let the value group arranged so far be Part.
• Merge parts.

## Examples

``````The external area is regarded as a 2N continuous band.

4 5 1 2 7 6 3 8|Input column
. . . . . . . .|External area
->Asc     Dsc<-|Actually

|4 5 1 2 7 6 3 8|Input column
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .|External area
Dsc<-|->Asc          |2N continuous band
``````
``````Put new values ​​(maximum and minimum) in ascending order column.
|. 5 1 2 7 6 3 8
. . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . .
``````
``````The next value is (maximum <= value), place it above the ascending order column and update the maximum.
|. . 1 2 7 6 3 8
. . . . . . . . 4 5 . . . . . .
``````
``````The next value is (value < minimum), place it below the descending column and update the minimum.
|. . . 2 7 6 3 8
. . . . . . . 1 4 5 . . . . . .
``````
``````The next value is (minimum <= value < maximum), place new values ​​(maximum and minimum) in ascending order column,
and let the value group arranged so far be Part.(Part: 145 completed)
|. . . . 7 6 3 8
. . . . . . .|1 4 5|2 . . . . .
``````
``````The next value is (maximum <= value), place it above the ascending order column and update the maximum.
|. . . . . 6 3 8
. . . . . . .|1 4 5|2 7 . . . .
``````
``````The next value is (minimum <= value < maximum), place new values ​​(maximum and minimum) in ascending order column,
and let the value group arranged so far be Part.(Part: 27 completed)
|. . . . . . 3 8
. . . . . . .|1 4 5|2 7|6 . . .
``````
``````The next value is (value < minimum), place it below the descending column and update the minimum.
|. . . . . . . 8
. . . . . . 3|1 4 5|2 7|6 . . .
``````
``````The next value is (maximum <= value), place it above the ascending order column and update the maximum.(Part: 368 completed)
|. . . . . . . .
. . . . . .|3|1 4 5|2 7|6 8|. .
``````
``````External area result.
4 5|2 7|6 8|. .  Ascending column arrangement
. . . . . .|3|1  Descending column arrangement
4 5|2 7|6 8|3|1  Actual arrangement
``````
``````Merge generated Parts.
145  27  368
12457  368
12345678
Sort complete.
``````

.

# Improvement

We will make additional improvements to the basic algorithm.

• Insert sort is performed to secure the length of Part.
• Merge sequentially to avoid recursion.

# Environment that we verified

• Windows 10 Pro 64bit
• Core i7-8700 3.20 GHz
• Microsoft(R) C/C++ Optimizing Compiler Version 19.16.27030.1 for x64
• clang version 8.0.0 (tags/RELEASE_800/final)
• gcc version 8.3.0 (Rev2, Built by MSYS2 project)

# Random number benchmark

Sorts float values ​​generated from the same seed.
The unit is seconds, the lower the number, the faster.

# Conditional benchmark

The following all sorted the array [100,000,000] of float value.
The unit is seconds, the lower the number, the faster.

# Finally

How was it?

Hayate-Shiki is a stable sort, but has strong characteristics to random numbers.
In the conditional benchmark, it was found that the influence of the optimization characteristic of the compiler, rather than the algorithm characteristic, becomes strong, so that it can hardly be a judgment material.

Does it come the day when merge sort wins quick sort?

The sort algorithm is still romantic.

Thanks for watching!