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How to Create a Spotify Music Search App in React

myogeshchavan97 profile image Yogesh Chavan ・19 min read

Introduction

In this article, you will create a Fully Responsive Spotify Music Search App using Spotify Music API.

By creating this App, you will learn

  1. How to use Spotify API to provide OAuth authentication
  2. How to search for the Albums, Artists and Playlists
  3. Display the details with a beautiful UI
  4. Play the songs directly from the list
  5. How to add load more functionality to the app
  6. How to add and maintain separate load more functionality for Albums, Artists and Playlists

and much more.

You can see the live demo of the final working application in the video below

Initial Setup

Create a new project using create-react-app:

create-react-app spotify-music-search-app

Once the project is created, delete all files from the src folder and create index.js and styles.css files inside the src folder. Also create actions, components, images , reducers, router, store and utils folders inside the src folder.

Install the necessary dependencies:

yarn add axios@0.19.2 bootstrap@4.5.2 lodash@4.17.19 prop-types@15.7.2 react-bootstrap@1.3.0 redux@4.0.5 react-redux@7.2.1 react-router-dom@5.2.0 redux-thunk@2.3.0

Open styles.css and add the contents from here inside it.

Creating Initial Pages

Create a new file Header.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
const Header = () => {
  return <h1 className="main-heading">Spotify Music Search</h1>;
};
export default Header;

Create a new file RedirectPage.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
const RedirectPage = () => {
 return <div>Redirect Page</div>;
};
export default RedirectPage;   

Create a new file Dashboard.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
const Dashboard = () => {
 return <div>Dashboard Page</div>;
};
export default Dashboard;

Create a new file Home.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
import { connect } from 'react-redux';
import { Button } from 'react-bootstrap';
import Header from './Header';
const Home = (props) => {
  return (
    <div className="login">
      <Header />
      <Button variant="info" type="submit">
        Login to spotify
      </Button>
    </div>
  );
};
export default connect()(Home);

Create a new file NotFoundPage.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
import { Link } from 'react-router-dom';
import Header from './Header';
const NotFoundPage = () => {
  return (
    <React.Fragment>
      <Header />
      Page not found. Goto <Link to="/dashboard">Home Page</Link>
    </React.Fragment>
  );
};
export default NotFoundPage;

Create a new file AppRouter.js inside the router folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
import { BrowserRouter, Route, Switch } from 'react-router-dom';
import Home from '../components/Home';
import RedirectPage from '../components/RedirectPage';
import Dashboard from '../components/Dashboard';
import NotFoundPage from '../components/NotFoundPage';
class AppRouter extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <BrowserRouter>
        <div className="main">
          <Switch>
            <Route path="/" component={Home} exact={true} />
            <Route path="/redirect" component={RedirectPage} />
            <Route path="/dashboard" component={Dashboard} />
            <Route component={NotFoundPage} />
          </Switch>
        </div>
      </BrowserRouter>
    );
  }
}
export default AppRouter;

Here, we have set up routing for various pages like Home Page, Dashboard Page, Not Found Page and Redirect Page using react-router-dom library.

Create a new file albums.js inside the reducers folder with the following content:

const albumsReducer = (state = {}, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    default:
      return state;
  }
};
export default albumsReducer;

Create a new file artists.js inside the reducers folder with the following content:

const artistsReducer = (state = {}, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    default:
      return state;
  }
};
export default artistsReducer;

Create a new file playlist.js inside the reducers folder with the following content:

const playlistReducer = (state = {}, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    default:
      return state;
  }
};
export default playlistReducer;

In all the above reducers, we have setup reducers with default state. We will be adding more switch cases as we progress through the app.

Create a new file store.js inside the store folder with the following content:

import { createStore, combineReducers, applyMiddleware, compose } from 'redux';
import thunk from 'redux-thunk';
import albumsReducer from '../reducers/albums';
import artistsReducer from '../reducers/artists';
import playlistReducer from '../reducers/playlist';
const composeEnhancers = window.__REDUX_DEVTOOLS_EXTENSION_COMPOSE__ || compose;

const store = createStore(
  combineReducers({
    albums: albumsReducer,
    artists: artistsReducer,
    playlist: playlistReducer
  }),
  composeEnhancers(applyMiddleware(thunk))
);

export default store;

Here, we have created a redux store with all the reducers combined together so we can access store data from any component defined in the AppRouter.js file.

Now, open src/index.js file and add the following contents inside it:

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { Provider } from 'react-redux';
import store from './store/store';
import AppRouter from './router/AppRouter';
import 'bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css';
import './styles.css';

ReactDOM.render(
  <Provider store={store}>
    <AppRouter />
  </Provider>,
  document.getElementById('root')
);

Here, we have added a Provider component which will pass the redux store to all the Routes declared in the AppRouter component.

Now, start the React App by running the following command from the terminal:

yarn start

You will see the following screen when you access the application at http://localhost:3000/

Login Screen

Adding login authentication functionality

Now, let’s add the login functionality. To login to the Spotify account using App, you will need three things: client_id, authorize_url and redirect_url.

To get that navigate here and login to the Spotify developer account(sign up if you don't have an account).

After login, you will a see page similar to the below screen to create an application.

Account Dashboard

Click on CREATE AN APP green button and Enter the app name and description and then click on the CREATE button.

Create App

Take a note of the generated Client ID.

Client ID

and then click the EDIT SETTINGS button. Enter http://localhost:3000/redirect as the value for Redirect URIs and click on the ADD button and then click on the SAVE button by scrolling a bit.

Edit Settings

Now, create a new file with the name .env in the root of your project and add the following details inside it.

REACT_APP_CLIENT_ID=your_client_id
REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL=https://accounts.spotify.com/authorize
REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL=http://localhost:3000/redirect

Here,

  • REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL will be used to show authorize popup to access your Spotify account from your app.
  • REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL will be the URL where you want the user to be redirected once the user is authorized successfully.
  • Each variable starts with REACT_APP_ so Create React App will automatically add those variables in process.env object to make it accessible in the application.

Make sure to add .env file inside the .gitignore file so it will be not be added to git as it contains private information which should not be public

Note that, the value of the REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL variable must match the value entered for the Redirect URIs in the Edit settings screenshot shown above otherwise the application will not work.

Now, open src/components/Home.js and add the onClick handler to the login button

<Button variant="info" type="submit" onClick={handleLogin}>
  Login to spotify
</Button>

And add the handleLogin function

const {
  REACT_APP_CLIENT_ID,
  REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL,
  REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL
} = process.env;

const handleLogin = () => {
  window.location = `${REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL}?client_id=${REACT_APP_CLIENT_ID}&redirect_uri=${REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL}&response_type=token&show_dialog=true`;
};

Your updated Home.js file will look like this:

import React from 'react';
import { connect } from 'react-redux';
import { Button } from 'react-bootstrap';
import Header from './Header';
const Home = (props) => {
  const {
    REACT_APP_CLIENT_ID,
    REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL,
    REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL
  } = process.env;
  const handleLogin = () => {
    window.location = `${REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL}?client_id=${REACT_APP_CLIENT_ID}&redirect_uri=${REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL}&response_type=token&show_dialog=true`;
  };
  return (
    <div className="login">
      <Header />
      <Button variant="info" type="submit" onClick={handleLogin}>
        Login to spotify
      </Button>
    </div>
  );
};
export default connect()(Home);

Now, start your app by running yarn start command from the terminal and verify the login functionality

Login Authentication

As you can see, once we click on the AGREE button, we’re redirected to the RedirectPage component and Spotify will automatically add the access_token, token_type and expires_in to our redirect URL as shown below

http://localhost:3000/redirect#access_token=BQA4Y-o2kMSWjpRMD5y55f0nXLgt51kl4UAEbjNip3lIpz80uWJQJPoKPyD-CG2jjIdCjhfZKwfX5X6K7sssvoe20GJhhE7bHPaW1tictiMlkdzkWe2Pw3AnmojCy-NzVSOCj-aNtQ8ztTBYrCzRiBFGPtAn-I5g35An10&token_type=Bearer&expires_in=3600
  • access_token is a Bearer token which you will be adding to every request made to the Spotify API later.
  • expires_in specifies the token expiration time which is 3600 seconds i.e in 1 hour by default. After that, you need to log in again.

Adding search functionality

Now, we have access to the token, we need to store it somewhere so we can use it for every API request.

Create a new file with name functions.js inside src/utils folder with the following content:

import axios from 'axios';
export const getParamValues = (url) => {
  return url
    .slice(1)
    .split('&')
    .reduce((prev, curr) => {
      const [title, value] = curr.split('=');
      prev[title] = value;
      return prev;
    }, {});
};
export const setAuthHeader = () => {
  try {
    const params = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('params'));
    if (params) {
      axios.defaults.headers.common[
        'Authorization'
      ] = `Bearer ${params.access_token}`;
    }
  } catch (error) {
    console.log('Error setting auth', error);
  }
};

Here, we have added,

  • getParamValues function that will store the access_token, token_type and expires_in values in an object which will look like this:
{
 access_token: some_value,
 token_type: some_value,
 expires_in: some_value
}
  • setAuthHeader function that will add the access_token to every axios API request

Open RedirectPage.js file and replace it with the following contents:

import React from 'react';
import _ from 'lodash';
import { getParamValues } from '../utils/functions';
export default class RedirectPage extends React.Component {
  componentDidMount() {
    const { setExpiryTime, history, location } = this.props;
    try {
      if (_.isEmpty(location.hash)) {
        return history.push('/dashboard');
      }
      const access_token = getParamValues(location.hash);
      const expiryTime = new Date().getTime() + access_token.expires_in * 1000;
      localStorage.setItem('params', JSON.stringify(access_token));
      localStorage.setItem('expiry_time', expiryTime);
      history.push('/dashboard');
    } catch (error) {
      history.push('/');
    }
  }
  render() {
    return null;
  }
}

Here, we have added a componentDidMount lifecycle method to access the URL parameters and store them in local storage. We’re calling the getParamValues function by passing the URL values available in location.hash.

The expires_in value is in seconds (&expires_in=3600) so we’re converting it to milliseconds by multiplying it by 1000 and then adding it to the milliseconds at the current time

const expiryTime = new Date().getTime() + access_token.expires_in * 1000;

So the expiryTime will contain the milliseconds of the time one hour after the token generation time (as expires_in is 3600).

Create a new file constants.js inside utils folder with the following content:

export const SET_ALBUMS = 'SET_ALBUMS';
export const ADD_ALBUMS = 'ADD_ALBUMS';
export const SET_ARTISTS = 'SET_ARTISTS';
export const ADD_ARTISTS = 'ADD_ARTISTS';
export const SET_PLAYLIST = 'SET_PLAYLIST';
export const ADD_PLAYLIST = 'ADD_PLAYLIST';

Create a new file result.js inside the actions folder with the following content:

import {
  SET_ALBUMS,
  ADD_ALBUMS,
  SET_ARTISTS,
  ADD_ARTISTS,
  SET_PLAYLIST,
  ADD_PLAYLIST
} from '../utils/constants';
import { get } from '../utils/api';
export const setAlbums = (albums) => ({
  type: SET_ALBUMS,
  albums
});
export const addAlbums = (albums) => ({
  type: ADD_ALBUMS,
  albums
});
export const setArtists = (artists) => ({
  type: SET_ARTISTS,
  artists
});
export const addArtists = (artists) => ({
  type: ADD_ARTISTS,
  artists
});
export const setPlayList = (playlists) => ({
  type: SET_PLAYLIST,
  playlists
});
export const addPlaylist = (playlists) => ({
  type: ADD_PLAYLIST,
  playlists
});
export const initiateGetResult = (searchTerm) => {
  return async (dispatch) => {
    try {
      const API_URL = `https://api.spotify.com/v1/search?query=${encodeURIComponent(
        searchTerm
      )}&type=album,playlist,artist`;
      const result = await get(API_URL);
      console.log(result);
      const { albums, artists, playlists } = result;
      dispatch(setAlbums(albums));
      dispatch(setArtists(artists));
      return dispatch(setPlayList(playlists));
    } catch (error) {
      console.log('error', error);
    }
  };
};

Create a new file api.js inside the utils folder with the following content:

import axios from 'axios';
import { setAuthHeader } from './functions';

export const get = async (url, params) => {
  setAuthHeader();
  const result = await axios.get(url, params);
  return result.data;
};

export const post = async (url, params) => {
  setAuthHeader();
  const result = await axios.post(url, params);
  return result.data;
};

In this file, we’re making API calls using axios but before that, we’re adding the access_token in the Authorization Header by calling setAuthHeader function.

Create a new file Loader.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
const Loader = (props) => {
  const [node] = useState(document.createElement('div'));
  const loader = document.querySelector('#loader');

  useEffect(() => {
    loader.appendChild(node).classList.add('message');
  }, [loader, node]);

  useEffect(() => {
    if (props.show) {
      loader.classList.remove('hide');
      document.body.classList.add('loader-open');
    } else {
      loader.classList.add('hide');
      document.body.classList.remove('loader-open');
    }
  }, [loader, props.show]);

  return ReactDOM.createPortal(props.children, node);
};
export default Loader;

In this file, we have created a loader component that will display a loading message with the background overlay. We have used ReactDOM.createPortal method to create the loader.

To add the loader to the page, open public/index.html file and add the loader div after div with id root

Your index.html page body will look like this now:

<body>
  <noscript>You need to enable JavaScript to run this app.</noscript>
  <div id="root"></div>
  <div id="loader" class="hide"></div>
  <!--
    This HTML file is a template.
    If you open it directly in the browser, you will see an empty page.
    You can add webfonts, meta tags, or analytics to this file.
    The build step will place the bundled scripts into the <body> tag.
    To begin the development, run `npm start` or `yarn start`.
    To create a production bundle, use `npm run build` or `yarn build`.
  -->
</body>

By default, the loader will be hidden, so we have added the hide class and while showing the loader we will be removing the hide class.

Create a new file SearchForm.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { Form, Button } from 'react-bootstrap';
const SearchForm = (props) => {
  const [searchTerm, setSearchTerm] = useState('');
  const [errorMsg, setErrorMsg] = useState('');
  const handleInputChange = (event) => {
    const searchTerm = event.target.value;
    setSearchTerm(searchTerm);
  };
  const handleSearch = (event) => {
    event.preventDefault();
    if (searchTerm.trim() !== '') {
      setErrorMsg('');
      props.handleSearch(searchTerm);
    } else {
      setErrorMsg('Please enter a search term.');
    }
  };
  return (
    <div>
      <Form onSubmit={handleSearch}>
        {errorMsg && <p className="errorMsg">{errorMsg}</p>}
        <Form.Group controlId="formBasicEmail">
          <Form.Label>Enter search term</Form.Label>
          <Form.Control
            type="search"
            name="searchTerm"
            value={searchTerm}
            placeholder="Search for album, artist or playlist"
            onChange={handleInputChange}
            autoComplete="off"
          />
        </Form.Group>
        <Button variant="info" type="submit">
          Search
        </Button>
      </Form>
    </div>
  );
};
export default SearchForm;

In this file, we’ve added a search box and based on the input value we’re updating the state of the component.

Create a new file SearchResult.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
import _ from 'lodash';
import AlbumsList from './AlbumsList';
const SearchResult = (props) => {
  const { result, setCategory, selectedCategory } = props;
  const { albums, artists, playlist } = result;
  return (
    <React.Fragment>
      <div className="search-buttons">
        {!_.isEmpty(albums.items) && (
          <button
            className={`${
              selectedCategory === 'albums' ? 'btn active' : 'btn'
            }`}
            onClick={() => setCategory('albums')}
          >
            Albums
          </button>
        )}
        {!_.isEmpty(artists.items) && (
          <button
            className={`${
              selectedCategory === 'artists' ? 'btn active' : 'btn'
            }`}
            onClick={() => setCategory('artists')}
          >
            Artists
          </button>
        )}
        {!_.isEmpty(playlist.items) && (
          <button
            className={`${
              selectedCategory === 'playlist' ? 'btn active' : 'btn'
            }`}
            onClick={() => setCategory('playlist')}
          >
            PlayLists
          </button>
        )}
      </div>
      <div className={`${selectedCategory === 'albums' ? '' : 'hide'}`}>
        {albums && <AlbumsList albums={albums} />}
      </div>
    </React.Fragment>
  );
};
export default SearchResult;

Inside images folder add the image from here with the name music.jpeg

We will be using this image as the default image if the image for any album, artist or playlist does not exist.

Create a new file AlbumsList.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
import { Card } from 'react-bootstrap';
import _ from 'lodash';
import music from '../images/music.jpeg';
const AlbumsList = ({ albums }) => {
  return (
    <React.Fragment>
      {Object.keys(albums).length > 0 && (
        <div className="albums">
          {albums.items.map((album, index) => {
            return (
              <React.Fragment key={index}>
                <Card style={{ width: '18rem' }}>
                  <a
                    target="_blank"
                    href={album.external_urls.spotify}
                    rel="noopener noreferrer"
                    className="card-image-link"
                  >
                    {!_.isEmpty(album.images) ? (
                      <Card.Img
                        variant="top"
                        src={album.images[0].url}
                        alt=""
                      />
                    ) : (
                      <img src={music} alt="" />
                    )}
                  </a>
                  <Card.Body>
                    <Card.Title>{album.name}</Card.Title>
                    <Card.Text>
                      <small>
                        {album.artists.map((artist) => artist.name).join(', ')}
                      </small>
                    </Card.Text>
                  </Card.Body>
                </Card>
              </React.Fragment>
            );
          })}
        </div>
      )}
    </React.Fragment>
  );
};
export default AlbumsList;

Now, start the app by running yarn start command

API Response

As you can see, when we search for anything, the response from the Spotify API is displayed in the console. So we’re successfully able to access the music data from Spotify.

Displaying the albums on the UI

Now, we will add the response in the redux store so we can display it on the UI.

Open src/reducers/albums.js file and replace it with the following contents:

import { SET_ALBUMS, ADD_ALBUMS } from '../utils/constants';
const albumsReducer = (state = {}, action) => {
  const { albums } = action;
  switch (action.type) {
    case SET_ALBUMS:
      return albums;
    case ADD_ALBUMS:
      return {
        ...state,
        next: albums.next,
        items: [...state.items, ...albums.items]
      };
    default:
      return state;
  }
};
export default albumsReducer;

Now, run the yarn start command again and check the application

Albums

As you can see, when we search, the redux store is updated and the result is displayed on the UI. Let’s understand the code for this functionality.

In the Dashboard.js file, we’re calling the initiateGetResult inside the handleSearch function which is triggered when user clicks on the search button.

If you check the initiateGetResult function from actions/result.js file, we’re making an API call to the https://api.spotify.com/v1/search URL by passing the search text as a query parameter

export const initiateGetResult = (searchTerm) => {
  return async (dispatch) => {
    try {
      const API_URL = `https://api.spotify.com/v1/search?query=${encodeURIComponent(
        searchTerm
      )}&type=album,playlist,artist`;
      const result = await get(API_URL);
      console.log(result);
      const { albums, artists, playlists } = result;
      dispatch(setAlbums(albums));
      dispatch(setArtists(artists));
      return dispatch(setPlayList(playlists));
    } catch (error) {
      console.log('error', error);
    }
  };
};

and once we get the result, we’re calling the setAlbums action generator function by taking the albums from the result.

dispatch(setAlbums(albums));

the setAlbums function looks like this:

export const setAlbums = (albums) => ({
  type: SET_ALBUMS,
  albums
});

Here, we’re returning the action with the type of SET_ALBUMS. So once the action is dispatched, the albumsReducer from reducers/albums.js file gets called where for the matching SET_ALBUMS switch case, we’re returning the passed albums from the reducer so the redux store will get updated with the albums data.

case SET_ALBUMS:
      return albums;

As we’ve connected the Dashboard component(Dashboard.js ) to the redux store using connect method, the component gets the updated redux store data using the mapStateToProps method and that result we’re passing to the SearchResult component

const { albums, artists, playlist } = props;
const result = { albums, artists, playlist };
<SearchResult
  result={result}
  setCategory={setCategory}
  selectedCategory={selectedCategory}
/>

From the SearchResult component, the data is passed as a prop to the AlbumsList component

<div className={`${selectedCategory === 'albums' ? '' : 'hide'}`}>
  {albums && <AlbumsList albums={albums} />}
</div>

and inside the AlbumsList component, we’re iterating through each album using Array map method and displaying the data on the UI.

Displaying the artists and playlists on the UI

Create a new file ArtistsList.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
import { Card } from 'react-bootstrap';
import _ from 'lodash';
import music from '../images/music.jpeg';
const ArtistsList = ({ artists }) => {
  return (
    <React.Fragment>
      {Object.keys(artists).length > 0 && (
        <div className="artists">
          {artists.items.map((artist, index) => {
            return (
              <React.Fragment key={index}>
                <Card style={{ width: '18rem' }}>
                  <a
                    target="_blank"
                    href={artist.external_urls.spotify}
                    rel="noopener noreferrer"
                    className="card-image-link"
                  >
                    {!_.isEmpty(artist.images) ? (
                      <Card.Img
                        variant="top"
                        src={artist.images[0].url}
                        alt=""
                      />
                    ) : (
                      <img src={music} alt="" />
                    )}
                  </a>
                  <Card.Body>
                    <Card.Title>{artist.name}</Card.Title>
                  </Card.Body>
                </Card>
              </React.Fragment>
            );
          })}
        </div>
      )}
    </React.Fragment>
  );
};
export default ArtistsList;

Create a new file PlayList.js inside the components folder with the following content:

import React from 'react';
import { Card } from 'react-bootstrap';
import _ from 'lodash';
import music from '../images/music.jpeg';
const PlayList = ({ playlist }) => {
  return (
    <div>
      {Object.keys(playlist).length > 0 && (
        <div className="playlist">
          {playlist.items.map((item, index) => {
            return (
              <React.Fragment key={index}>
                <Card style={{ width: '18rem' }}>
                  <a
                    target="_blank"
                    href={item.external_urls.spotify}
                    rel="noopener noreferrer"
                    className="card-image-link"
                  >
                    {!_.isEmpty(item.images) ? (
                      <Card.Img variant="top" src={item.images[0].url} alt="" />
                    ) : (
                      <img src={music} alt="" />
                    )}
                  </a>
                  <Card.Body>
                    <Card.Title>{item.name}</Card.Title>
                    <Card.Text>
                      <small>By {item.owner.display_name}</small>
                    </Card.Text>
                  </Card.Body>
                </Card>
              </React.Fragment>
            );
          })}
        </div>
      )}
    </div>
  );
};
export default PlayList;

Now, open SearchResult.js file and alongside the AlbumsList, add the ArtistsList and PlayList components

<div className={`${selectedCategory === 'albums' ? '' : 'hide'}`}>
  {albums && <AlbumsList albums={albums} />}
</div>
<div className={`${selectedCategory === 'artists' ? '' : 'hide'}`}>
  {artists && <ArtistsList artists={artists} />}
</div>
<div className={`${selectedCategory === 'playlist' ? '' : 'hide'}`}>
  {playlist && <PlayList playlist={playlist} />}
</div>

Also, import the components at the top of the file

import ArtistsList from './ArtistsList';
import PlayList from './PlayList';

Open src/reducers/artists.js file and replace it with the following contents:

import { SET_ARTISTS, ADD_ARTISTS } from '../utils/constants';
const artistsReducer = (state = {}, action) => {
  const { artists } = action;
  switch (action.type) {
    case SET_ARTISTS:
      return artists;
    case ADD_ARTISTS:
      return {
        ...state,
        next: artists.next,
        items: [...state.items, ...artists.items]
      };
    default:
      return state;
  }
};
export default artistsReducer;

Open src/reducers/playlist.js file and replace it with the following contents:

import { SET_PLAYLIST, ADD_PLAYLIST } from '../utils/constants';
const playlistReducer = (state = {}, action) => {
  const { playlists } = action;
  switch (action.type) {
    case SET_PLAYLIST:
      return playlists;
    case ADD_PLAYLIST:
      return {
        ...state,
        next: playlists.next,
        items: [...state.items, ...playlists.items]
      };
    default:
      return state;
  }
};
export default playlistReducer;

Now, run the yarn start command again and check the application

Populated data

As you can see, the artists and playlists are also populated with the data.

Play Music

Also, If you click on any of the images, you can play the music from the album, artist or playlist as shown above.

Adding load more functionality

Now, let’s add a load more button to load more data for albums, artists and playlists.

Open SearchResult.js file and add the load more button just before the ending </React.Fragment> tag

{!_.isEmpty(result[selectedCategory]) &&
 !_.isEmpty(result[selectedCategory].next) && (
  <div className="load-more" onClick={() => loadMore(selectedCategory)}>
    <Button variant="info" type="button">
      Load More
    </Button>
  </div>
)}

Destructure the loadMore function from props and import the Button from react-bootstrap

import { Button } from 'react-bootstrap';
const SearchResult = (props) => {
const { loadMore, result, setCategory, selectedCategory } = props;

Open Dashboard.js file and add the loadMore function

const loadMore = async (type) => {
  const { dispatch, albums, artists, playlist } = props;
  setIsLoading(true);
  switch (type) {
    case 'albums':
      await dispatch(initiateLoadMoreAlbums(albums.next));
      break;
    case 'artists':
      await dispatch(initiateLoadMoreArtists(artists.next));
      break;
    case 'playlist':
      await dispatch(initiateLoadMorePlaylist(playlist.next));
      break;
    default:
  }
  setIsLoading(false);
};

and pass the loadMore function as a prop to the SearchResult component

return (
  <React.Fragment>
    <Header />
    <SearchForm handleSearch={handleSearch} />
    <Loader show={isLoading}>Loading...</Loader>
    <SearchResult
      result={result}
      loadMore={loadMore}
      setCategory={setCategory}
      selectedCategory={selectedCategory}
    />
  </React.Fragment>
);

Open actions/result.js file and add the following functions at the end of the file

export const initiateLoadMoreAlbums = (url) => {
  return async (dispatch) => {
    try {
      console.log('url', url);
      const result = await get(url);
      console.log('categoriess', result);
      return dispatch(addAlbums(result.albums));
    } catch (error) {
      console.log('error', error);
    }
  };
};
export const initiateLoadMoreArtists = (url) => {
  return async (dispatch) => {
    try {
      console.log('url', url);
      const result = await get(url);
      console.log('categoriess', result);
      return dispatch(addArtists(result.artists));
    } catch (error) {
      console.log('error', error);
    }
  };
};
export const initiateLoadMorePlaylist = (url) => {
  return async (dispatch) => {
    try {
      console.log('url', url);
      const result = await get(url);
      console.log('categoriess', result);
      return dispatch(addPlaylist(result.playlists));
    } catch (error) {
      console.log('error', error);
    }
  };
};

and import these functions inside the Dashboard.js file at the top

import {
  initiateGetResult,
  initiateLoadMoreAlbums,
  initiateLoadMorePlaylist,
  initiateLoadMoreArtists
} from '../actions/result';

Now, run the yarn start command and check the load more functionality

Load More

You can find code until this point in this branch


Redirect to the login page on session timeout

Now, we’re done with the functionality of the app. Let’s add the code to automatically redirect to the login page and show the message of session expired when the access token is expired. This is because, if the session is expired then the API call will fail but user will not know about it until the user opens the devtool console to see the error.

If you recollect, in the RedirectPage.js file, we have added expiry_time in the local storage with the following code

const expiryTime = new Date().getTime() + access_token.expires_in * 1000;
localStorage.setItem('expiry_time', expiryTime);

Now, let’s use this to identify when to redirect to the login page.

Open AppRouter.js file and replace it with the following contents:

import React from 'react';
import { BrowserRouter, Route, Switch } from 'react-router-dom';
import Home from '../components/Home';
import RedirectPage from '../components/RedirectPage';
import Dashboard from '../components/Dashboard';
import NotFoundPage from '../components/NotFoundPage';
class AppRouter extends React.Component {
  state = {
    expiryTime: '0'
  };
  componentDidMount() {
    let expiryTime;
    try {
      expiryTime = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('expiry_time'));
    } catch (error) {
      expiryTime = '0';
    }
    this.setState({ expiryTime });
  }
  setExpiryTime = (expiryTime) => {
    this.setState({ expiryTime });
  };
  isValidSession = () => {
    const currentTime = new Date().getTime();
    const expiryTime = this.state.expiryTime;
    const isSessionValid = currentTime < expiryTime;

    return isSessionValid;
  };
  render() {
    return (
      <BrowserRouter>
        <div className="main">
          <Switch>
            <Route path="/" component={Home} exact={true} />
            <Route path="/redirect" component={RedirectPage} />
            <Route path="/dashboard" component={Dashboard} />
            <Route component={NotFoundPage} />
          </Switch>
        </div>
      </BrowserRouter>
    );
  }
}
export default AppRouter;

In this file, we have added a state variable expiryTime initialized to 0 by default and in the componentDidMount method, we’re reading the expiry_time value from the local storage and assigning it to the state.

We also added a setExpiryTime and isValidSession functions so we can use it in other components.

Now, open RedirectPage.js file and before calling history.push('/dashboard'); add the following line of code

setExpiryTime(expiryTime);

But to call this function, we need to pass it as a prop to the RedirectPage component.

If you check the render method of the AppRouter component, it looks like this:

render() {
  return (
    <BrowserRouter>
      <div className="main">
        <Switch>
          <Route path="/" component={Home} exact={true} />
          <Route path="/redirect" component={RedirectPage} />
          <Route path="/dashboard" component={Dashboard} />
          <Route component={NotFoundPage} />
        </Switch>
      </div>
    </BrowserRouter>
  );
}

So to pass the setExpiryTime function as a prop to the RedirectPage component, we need to convert it to the render prop pattern.

Therefore, change the below line of code

<Route path="/redirect" component={RedirectPage} />

to this code:

<Route
  path="/redirect"
  render={(props) => (
    <RedirectPage
      isValidSession={this.isValidSession}
      setExpiryTime={this.setExpiryTime}
      {...props}
    />
  )}
/>

Here, we’re passing the setExpiryTime , isValidSession function as a prop and also spreading out the props which are automatically passed to the Route like location, history.

Now, open the Dashboard.js file and destructure the props and change the handleSearch function to this:

const { isValidSession, history } = props;
const handleSearch = (searchTerm) => {
  if (isValidSession()) {
    setIsLoading(true);
    props.dispatch(initiateGetResult(searchTerm)).then(() => {
      setIsLoading(false);
      setSelectedCategory('albums');
    });
  } else {
    history.push({
      pathname: '/',
      state: {
        session_expired: true
      }
    });
  }
};

Also, change the loadMore function to this:

const loadMore = async (type) => {
  if (isValidSession()) {
    const { dispatch, albums, artists, playlist } = props;
    setIsLoading(true);
    switch (type) {
      case 'albums':
        await dispatch(initiateLoadMoreAlbums(albums.next));
        break;
      case 'artists':
        await dispatch(initiateLoadMoreArtists(artists.next));
        break;
      case 'playlist':
        await dispatch(initiateLoadMorePlaylist(playlist.next));
        break;
      default:
    }
    setIsLoading(false);
  } else {
    history.push({
      pathname: '/',
      state: {
        session_expired: true
      }
    });
  }
};

Change the returned JSX from the Dashboard component to this:

return (
  <React.Fragment>
    {isValidSession() ? (
      <div>
        <Header />
        <SearchForm handleSearch={handleSearch} />
        <Loader show={isLoading}>Loading...</Loader>
        <SearchResult
          result={result}
          loadMore={loadMore}
          setCategory={setCategory}
          selectedCategory={selectedCategory}
          isValidSession={isValidSession}
        />
      </div>
    ) : (
      <Redirect
        to={{
          pathname: '/',
          state: {
            session_expired: true
          }
        }}
      />
    )}
  </React.Fragment>
);

Also, import the Redirect component at the top:

import { Redirect } from 'react-router-dom';

Open SearchResult.js file and before returning the JSX, add the following code:

if (!isValidSession()) {
  return (
    <Redirect
      to={{
        pathname: '/',
        state: {
          session_expired: true
        }
      }}
    />
  );
}

Also, destructure the isValidSession from props and add the Redirect component from the react-router-dom.

Now, open the Home.js file and replace it with the following contents:

import React from 'react';
import { Alert } from 'react-bootstrap';
import { connect } from 'react-redux';
import { Button } from 'react-bootstrap';
import Header from './Header';
import { Redirect } from 'react-router-dom';
const Home = (props) => {
  const {
    REACT_APP_CLIENT_ID,
    REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL,
    REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL
  } = process.env;
  const handleLogin = () => {
    window.location = `${REACT_APP_AUTHORIZE_URL}?client_id=${REACT_APP_CLIENT_ID}&redirect_uri=${REACT_APP_REDIRECT_URL}&response_type=token&show_dialog=true`;
  };
  const { isValidSession, location } = props;
  const { state } = location;
  const sessionExpired = state && state.session_expired;

  return (
    <React.Fragment>
      {isValidSession() ? (
        <Redirect to="/dashboard" />
      ) : (
        <div className="login">
          <Header />
          {sessionExpired && (
            <Alert variant="info">Session expired. Please login again.</Alert>
          )}
          <Button variant="info" type="submit" onClick={handleLogin}>
            Login to spotify
          </Button>
        </div>
      )}
    </React.Fragment>
  );
};
export default connect()(Home);

Here, we have the code to redirect to /dashboard page if the session is valid otherwise redirected to the login page. Also displayed the message of session expired so the user will get an idea of why the page is redirected to the login page.

{sessionExpired && (
  <Alert variant="info">Session expired. Please login again.</Alert>
)}

Now, open the AppRouter.js file and pass the isValidSession function to the Home and Dashboard route.

render() {
  return (
    <BrowserRouter>
      <div className="main">
        <Switch>
          <Route
            path="/"
            exact={true}
            render={(props) => (
              <Home isValidSession={this.isValidSession} {...props} />
            )}
          />
          <Route
            path="/redirect"
            render={(props) => (
              <RedirectPage
                isValidSession={this.isValidSession}
                setExpiryTime={this.setExpiryTime}
                {...props}
              />
            )}
          />
          <Route
            path="/dashboard"
            render={(props) => (
              <Dashboard isValidSession={this.isValidSession} {...props} />
            )}
          />
          <Route component={NotFoundPage} />
        </Switch>
      </div>
    </BrowserRouter>
  );
}

You will see the following screen once the session is timed out.

Session expired

You can find code until this point in this branch.

Conclusion

You have now finished creating a Spotify Music Search App using React. You can find the complete source code for this application here

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Posted on by:

myogeshchavan97 profile

Yogesh Chavan

@myogeshchavan97

Full Stack Developer | JavaScript | React | Nodejs. Subscribe to get weekly newsletter with amazing tips, tricks and articles directly in your inbox https://subscribe-user.herokuapp.com/

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