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Maximilian Koch
Maximilian Koch

Posted on

Show me your .gitignore

The .gitignore file exists in almost every of our projects, but even across similar projects the .gitignore always looks different.

Cheers

Top comments (22)

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rhymes profile image
rhymes

Every time I start a new project I just download a .gitignore from Github/gitignore

Recently I found out there's a VSCode extension which does that for me.

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pmcgowan profile image
p-mcgowan

I feel like I saw this before, but this is a great resource. Thanks!

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vancanhuit profile image
Đinh Văn Cảnh

When I start a project, I go to this site to create .gitignore.

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chrisvasqm profile image
Christian Vasquez • Edited on

Since I'm using JetBrains's IntellIJ IDEA most the time, my .gitignore is normally just:

.idea/
*.iml

This makes sure I'm not committing any IDE generated files on my Java/Kotlin projects.

For those who might not be familiar with the *.iml, it tells Git to ignore any files names that end on .iml. This can be done to any kind of files too.

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dmfay profile image
Dian Fay
.DS_Store
lib-cov
*.seed
*.log
*.csv
*.dat
*.out
*.pid
node_modules
.directory
[._]*.s[a-w][a-z]
[._]s[a-w][a-z]
Session.vim
play.js
coverage
out
.nyc_output
docs/_site
docs/.sass-cache
.vscode

The first 2/3 or more dates from before I took over the project, so now I'm curious what those regexes are doing...

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vpzomtrrfrt profile image
VpzomTrrfrt

Looks like a pattern to ignore vim swapfiles

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ben profile image
Ben Halpern
# Ignore bundler config.
/.bundle

# Ignore all logfiles and tempfiles.
/log/*
!/log/.keep
/tmp
.DS_Store
.swp
.approvals
.torus.json
coverage
/tags

#Ignore public uploads
/public/uploads/*
/public/c/*
/public/i/*
/public/assets/*

#Ignore node_modules
node_modules/

# Generated js bundles
/app/assets/javascripts/generated/*
latest.dump
.byebug_history

# Ignore application configuration
/config/application.yml
/public/packs
/public/packs-test
/node_modules
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nektro profile image
Meghan (she/her) • Edited on

Mine's pretty simple, for my apps.nektro.net project this is it

/node_modules/
/bin/
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ycmjason profile image
Jason Yu

Can I do a promote a tool here for those who like building random projects?

npmjs.com/package/gitignorer

It is a tool that allow you to init gitignore file easily given a default profile.

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pmcgowan profile image
p-mcgowan

gitignore

Gitignore for my $HOME directory (inverse of the usual, ignore everything except some files) and a typical project (with a bunch of project specific files)

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tadaboody profile image
Tomer

Why do you need a gitignore for your $HOME?do you use this as a template?

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pmcgowan profile image
p-mcgowan • Edited on

For provisioning and syncing between computers. I keep my $HOME directory in source control, just the files listed there (probably unwise to store .ssh in source control). Since I use the same settings (bashrc, bash_aliases, vim settings) between my desktop, laptop, server, and phone, I keep these in source control.

This also means that if I want to do a clean upgrade (complete reinstall without keeping junk) I can quickly get a new setup and I'm up and running. I only do this once a year or so, but on several different computers it just makes the process easier.

I also have a separate .config in source control (see below), since my phone doesn't need that, and a headless server wouldn't need the same GUI config files.

This is also useful for keeping productivity tools, scripts, settings all in one place. The company I worked for before set me up with a laptop so it was just a matter of installing git and running a couple commands to optimize my workflow.

I used to only have one for ~/bin, since I have a few hundred bash scripts in there (only use about 20 regularly), but I soon expanded to most of my home directory after a few reinstalls.

*
!.gitignore
!user-dirs.dirs
!gtk-3.0/
!gtk-3.0/**/*
!google-chrome/
!google-chrome/Default/
!google-chrome/Default/Bookmarks
!mc/
!mc/**/*
!sublime-text-3/
!sublime-text-3/Packages/
!sublime-text-3/Packages/User/
!sublime-text-3/Packages/User/**/*
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ghost profile image
Ghost

I like to have two .gitignore, one for me (a global one), and one for the project that I'm working on.

In my global gitignore, named .gitexcludes(github.com/diegoholiveira/dotfiles...), I ignore files that are generated by my own environment, like IDEs files, vagrant files and others.

In my projects, my .gitignore only have entries that are directly about the project: like build files, pyc files and vendor folder, generated files and other.

This helps me to keep things very organized.

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oleksiyrudenko profile image
Oleksiy Rudenko

A really great approach! You must be a good project collaboration mate.
Cheers!

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briankephart profile image
Brian Kephart

My Rails 5 app:

# Ignore bundler config.
/.bundle

# Ignore all logfiles and tempfiles.
/log/*
/tmp/*
!/log/.keep
!/tmp/.keep

# Ignore Byebug command history file.
.byebug_history

# Ignore environment file
.env

# Ignore locally compiled assets and local media
/public/assets/*
/public/media/*
/node_modules/

# Ignore Redis writes to disk
/dump.rdb

# Ignore Docker config
/docker-compose.yml
/Dockerfile

# Ignore local Webpack files
/public/packs
/public/packs-test
/node_modules

# Ignore master key for decrypting credentials and more.
/config/master.key

From a gem that I made via a plugin generator:

.bundle/
log/*.log
pkg/
test/dummy/db/*.sqlite3
test/dummy/db/*.sqlite3-journal
test/dummy/log/*.log
test/dummy/tmp/
camaleon_sitemap_customizer*.gem
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evanoman profile image
Evan Oman • Edited on

I mostly generate mine with joe, I highly recommend it. joe is a cli tool which generates .gitignore files given a list of tools/languages you plan to use.

So for my current project I did joe g java jetbrains vim gradle > .gitignore and I was all set!

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fengshangwuqi profile image
枫上雾棋 • Edited on
# log
*.log

# Runtime data
.DS_Store
*.pid

# dependencies
node_modules

build

#test
coverage

yarn.lock

*.idea/
.vscode/
.agignore
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rmawhinnie profile image
Randall Mawhinnie

Byte-compiled / optimized / DLL files

pycache/
*.py[cod]
*$py.class

Database files

*.db

C extensions

*.so

Distribution / packaging

.Python
build/
develop-eggs/
dist/
downloads/
eggs/
.eggs/
lib/
lib64/
parts/
sdist/
var/
wheels/
*.egg-info/
.installed.cfg
*.egg
MANIFEST

PyInstaller

Usually these files are written by a python script from a template

before PyInstaller builds the exe, so as to inject date/other infos into it.

*.manifest
*.spec

Installer logs

pip-log.txt
pip-delete-this-directory.txt

Unit test / coverage reports

htmlcov/
.tox/
.coverage
.coverage.*
.cache
nosetests.xml
coverage.xml
*.cover
.hypothesis/
.pytest_cache/

Translations

*.mo
*.pot

Django stuff:

*.log
.static_storage/
.media/
local_settings.py

Flask stuff:

instance/
.webassets-cache

Scrapy stuff:

.scrapy

Sphinx documentation

docs/_build/

PyBuilder

target/

Jupyter Notebook

.ipynb_checkpoints

pyenv

.python-version

celery beat schedule file

celerybeat-schedule

SageMath parsed files

*.sage.py

Environments

.env
.venv
env/
venv/
ENV/
env.bak/
venv.bak/

Spyder project settings

.spyderproject
.spyproject

Rope project settings

.ropeproject

mkdocs documentation

/site

mypy

.mypy_cache/

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nasa9084 profile image
nasa9084

I'm using gitignore.io, like below (when I write Go):

$ gi macos,emacs,go

gi is wrapper function, written in gitignore.io 's document.

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equiman profile image
Camilo Martinez

gitignore.io just type the kind of project/tool and it generate the "perfect" gitignore for you

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