loading...
Cover image for 🤝 Promise.allSettled() VS Promise.all() in JavaScript 🍭

🤝 Promise.allSettled() VS Promise.all() in JavaScript 🍭

viclafouch profile image Victor de la Fouchardière ・2 min read

Hello ! 🧑‍🌾

Promises are available since ES2015 to simplify the handling of asynchronous operations.

Let's discover 2 Promises and their differences:

Both of them take an iterable and return an array containing the fulfilled Promises.

❓ So, what is the difference between them?

Promise.all() 🧠

The Promise.all() method takes an iterable of promises as an input, and returns a single Promise that resolves to an array of the results of the input promises.

Promise all

All resolved

As you can see, we are passing an array to Promise.all. And when all three promises get resolved, Promise.all resolves and the output is consoled.

Now, let's see if one promise is not resolved, and so, if this one is reject. What was the output ? 🛑

Promise all failed

1 failed

Promise.all is rejected if at least one of the elements are rejected. For example, we pass 2 promises that resolve and one promise that rejects immediately, then Promise.all will reject immediately.

Promise.allSettled() 🦷

Since ES2020 you can use Promise.allSettled. It returns a promise that always resolves after all of the given promises have either fulfilled or rejected, with an array of objects that each describes the outcome of each promise.

For each outcome object, a status string is present :

  • fulfilled
  • rejected

The value (or reason) reflects what value each promise was fulfilled (or rejected) with.

Have a close look at following properties (status, value, reason) of resulting array.

allSettled

Differences 👬

  • Promise.all will reject as soon as one of the Promises in the array rejects.
  • Promise.allSettled will never reject, it will resolve once all Promises in the array have either rejected or resolved.

Supported Browsers 🚸

The browsers supported by JavaScript Promise.allSettled() and Promise.all() methods are listed below:

  • Google Chrome
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Apple Safari
  • Opera

Cheers 🍻 🍻 🍻

If you enjoyed this article you can follow me on Twitter or here on dev.to where I regularly post bite size tips relating to HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

Posted on by:

viclafouch profile

Victor de la Fouchardière

@viclafouch

🐦 Frontend developer and technical writer based in France. I love teaching web development and all kinds of other things online 🤖

Discussion

markdown guide