HTML has gone through many changes over the years and the standards have evolved allowing for cleaner and more efficient code.
The origin of HTML dates back to the year 1980 when Tim Berners-Lee while at CERN wanted a way to navigate from one information to another set of information on another computer this idea was proposed as a hypertext system for sharing documents and would go on to be the fundamental language of the web - HTML.
He authored the first version of HTML in 1993. Since then, there have been many different versions of HTML. The most widely used version throughout the 2000s was HTML 4.01, which became an official standard in December 1999.
Another version, XHTML, was a rewrite of HTML as an XML language. XML is a standard markup language that is used to create other markup languages. Hundreds of XML languages are in use today, including GML (Geography Markup Language), MathML, MusicML, and RSS (Really Simple Syndication).
- HTML 5
- HTML 4.01
- HTML 4.0
- HTML 3.2
- HTML 3.0
- HTML 2.0
- HTML 1
You can find detailed explanation of these HTML versions at landofcode website.
After the publication of HTML 4.01, the standardization activity of HTML stopped and the W3C focused on the development of the XHTML standard which led to the creation of XHTML.
Tech giants Apple, Mozilla and Opera showed their concern about the lack of interest of the W3C in HTML and thus formed a group called WHATWG which is short for (Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group).
The current activity of the WHATWG is focused on the future HTML5 standard, whose first official draft was published on January 22, 2008, and presently the standard can be accessed online.
Which brings us to the next topic, The HTML Specification.