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Brief touch on map() , filter() and reduce() methods

arifimran5 profile image Arif Imran ・2 min read

These are a few methods that are highly used in development and knowing these is a must. So let's begin!

Map:

The map() method creates a new array from an existing one and applies the function to each one of the elements of the first array.

eg.

const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4];
const doubled = numbers.map(item => item * 2);
console.log(doubled); // [2, 4, 6, 8]
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Filter:

The filter() method returns the values based on the conditional statement. It checks the condition for each element of the array and if the condition is true is returns it otherwise not.

eg.

const numbers = [4, 7, 12, 3];
const evens = numbers.filter(item => item % 2 === 0);
console.log(evens); // [4, 12]
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const students = [
  { name: 'abc', attendance: 96 },
  { name: 'mno', attendance: 60 },
  { name: 'def', attendance: 89 },
  { name: 'jkl', attendance: 65 },
  { name: 'xyz', attendance: 40 }
];

const eligibleStudent = students.filter(student => student.attendance >= 75);
return eligibleStudent; // [ { name: 'abc', grade: 96 }, { name: 'def', grade: 89}]
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Reduce:

The reduce() method reduces the array to a single value, executing the provided function on each element of the array.

syntax:

array.reduce(function(total, currentValue, currentIndex, arr), initialValue)
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Total (The initialValue, or the previously returned value of the function) and currentValue (value of the current element) are required parameters. InitialValue is optional, it sets the initial value of the array. If no initialValue is supplied, the first element in the array will be used as the initial. Calling reduce() on an empty array without an initialValue will throw a TypeError.

e.g.

const euros = [29.76, 41.85, 46.5];
const sum = euros.reduce((total, amount) => total + amount); 
console.log(sum)  // 118.11
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var pilots = [
  {
    id: 10,
    name: "Poe Dameron",
    years: 14,
  },
  {
    id: 2,
    name: "Temmin 'Snap' Wexley",
    years: 30,
  },
  {
    id: 41,
    name: "Tallissan Lintra",
    years: 16,
  },
  {
    id: 99,
    name: "Ello Asty",
    years: 22,
  }
];

const totalYears = pilots.reduce((acc, pilot) => acc + pilot.years, 0); 
console.log(totalYears) //82
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That's it for this topic. If you learned something, share it with your dev friends. Follow me on Twitter for daily tweets about development and tech stuff. Happy coding 👨‍💻❤.

Discussion (3)

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raddevus profile image
raddevus

This is a very nice write-up and just what I needed. I'm reading the book, Learning React (O'Reilly publishers) and working through the third chapter on functional programming and your examples fit in and provide extended material. Thanks for keeping it so concise with great examples.

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arifimran5 profile image
Arif Imran Author

Thank u for your time ... 💜 .. keep exploring

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dreitzner profile image
Domenik Reitzner

I also love .some() & .find()