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Cover image for 4 Ways to Validate an Email with JavaScript 📮
Gaël Thomas for HereWeCode

Posted on • Updated on • Originally published at herewecode.io

4 Ways to Validate an Email with JavaScript 📮

In this article, you will discover three ways to do an email validation with JavaScript!

"An old myth says that you are a web development wizard once you create a contact form! 🧙😄" - Unknown

Email validation using Regular Expressions

The most common way to validate an email with JavaScript is to use a regular expression (RegEx). Regular expressions will help you to define rules to validate a string.

If we summarize, an email is a string following this format:

1. First part of an email

  • uppercase and lowercase letters: a-z and A-Z
  • digits: 0-9
  • hyphens: - (not the last or first character)
  • dots: . (not the last or first character)

Note: Some email providers allows email adresses with these character: ! # $ % & ‘ \* + / = ? ^ \ _ \ { | } ~ " ( ) , : ; < > @ [ \ ]. It will depends if you want to accept these mails, but most website rejects them.

2. Second part of an email

  • uppercase and lowercase letters: a-z and A-Z
  • digits: 0-9
  • hyphens: - (not the last or first character)

3. Third part of an email

  • uppercase and lowercase letters: a-z and A-Z
  • digits: 0-9
  • dots: . (not the last or first character)

Here is an email regex expression:

/^[a-zA-Z0-9][\-_\.\+\!\#\$\%\&\'\*\/\=\?\^\`\{\|]{0,1}([a-zA-Z0-9][\-_\.\+\!\#\$\%\&\'\*\/\=\?\^\`\{\|]{0,1})*[a-zA-Z0-9]@[a-zA-Z0-9][-\.]{0,1}([a-zA-Z][-\.]{0,1})*[a-zA-Z0-9]\.[a-zA-Z0-9]{1,}([\.\-]{0,1}[a-zA-Z]){0,}[a-zA-Z0-9]{0,}$/i
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In JavaScript, you can use this function for your email validation.

function isEmailValid(email) {
  const emailRegexp = new RegExp(
    /^[a-zA-Z0-9][\-_\.\+\!\#\$\%\&\'\*\/\=\?\^\`\{\|]{0,1}([a-zA-Z0-9][\-_\.\+\!\#\$\%\&\'\*\/\=\?\^\`\{\|]{0,1})*[a-zA-Z0-9]@[a-zA-Z0-9][-\.]{0,1}([a-zA-Z][-\.]{0,1})*[a-zA-Z0-9]\.[a-zA-Z0-9]{1,}([\.\-]{0,1}[a-zA-Z]){0,}[a-zA-Z0-9]{0,}$/i
  )

  return emailRegexp.test(email)
}

console.log(isEmailValid('helloitsme@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(isEmailValid('hello-its-me@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(isEmailValid('hello.its.me@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(isEmailValid('helloitsme+test@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(isEmailValid('.helloitsme@herewecode.io')) // false
console.log(isEmailValid('helloitsme.@herewecode.io')) // false
console.log(isEmailValid('@herewecode.io')) // false
console.log(isEmailValid('helloitsmeherewecode.io')) // false
console.log(isEmailValid('helloitsme@herewecode')) // false
console.log(isEmailValid('d@d.o')) // false
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Note: As you can imagine, this Regex isn't homemade. I found it on Stack Overflow; then, I updated it to match the email string format explained above.

Email validation using an Email Validator

If you don't want to create a custom function to validate emails, you can use libraries.
When we type: "email validation library javascript" on Google, the first result is the "email validator" library.

Here is an example of how to use it:

const validator = require('email-validator')

console.log(validator.validate('helloitsme@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(validator.validate('hello-its-me@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(validator.validate('hello.its.me@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(validator.validate('helloitsme+test@herewecode.io')) // true
console.log(validator.validate('.helloitsme@herewecode.io')) // false
console.log(validator.validate('helloitsme.@herewecode.io')) // false
console.log(validator.validate('@herewecode.io')) // false
console.log(validator.validate('helloitsmeherewecode.io')) // false
console.log(validator.validate('helloitsme@herewecode')) // false
console.log(validator.validate('d@d.o')) // false
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Email validator is one library among others. You can find a lot of them with different features online.

Email validation using HTML5 input validation

The last way to validate an email is to use an HTML5 email input.

<input type="email" id="email" name="email" placeholder="email" />
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Here is an example of an email validation using a simple form:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <body>
    <h1>JavaScript Validate Email</h1>

    <p>Write your email and we will validate it:</p>

    <form>
      <input type="email" id="email" name="email" placeholder="Email" />
      <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
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Email validation using a form with an HTML5 email input

As you can see, HTML triggers an error when the email address isn't correct. However, if we type, for example: "helloitsme@herewecode" or "-herewecode.io", the form is valid.
This option is a good feature that you should use when you implement a form on your website. It's suitable for a first validation, but don't forget to validate yourself to avoid issues.

Email validation using an API

As a bonus, you can validate emails using APIs. Here are some companies proposing email validation APIs: SendGrid, MailBoxLayer, Abstract API, etc.
Most of these APIs are not free, but they will provide you some advanced features (ex: check if an email exists).

Hey, you did it!

Thanks for reading until the end! I hope you learned from it! 🎉


➡️ I help web developers improve their skills 💻 If you want to get more tips and resources about web programming -> Follow me on Twitter 🐦

Top comments (4)

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manuelricci profile image
Manuel Ricci

I suggest to check even the code of the package the author linked. The approach is really interesting

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gaelgthomas profile image
Gaël Thomas Author

Thanks for sharing that! 😊 It's a good idea to read library codes is often an excellent way to learn and improve your skills.

Based on your suggestion, here is the email-validator code: github.com/manishsaraan/email-vali...

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fjones profile image
FJones

Side note on using Regex to validate email addresses: stackoverflow.com/a/201378

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gaelgthomas profile image
Gaël Thomas Author • Edited on

Thanks for sharing this interesting side note! 🙏

Rather than blocking the user with an error, I like the suggestion at the end:
"The specified e-mail address 'myemail@address,com' is invalid. Did you mean 'myemail@address.com'?"

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