We can see how to use Axios in an optimized and scalable way in a React app.
When you are building an API-based React app, an HTTP client is the core service that needs to be added to the architecture. There are many HTTP client libraries for React. When deciding which to choose, Axios might be the first choice of most developers.
Axios is an HTTP client library with many advantage features. It can be used in browsers and Node.js. In this article, we will see how to utilize all the advanced Axios features in a scalable and optimized way.
Creating an Axios instance is more important for a large-scale app, as all the base configuration lies in a single file. A change in the base config can be done easily in a single file and will be reflected anywhere the Axios instance is used. Check out the below code snippet
Based on the above code, we have configured all the base setup using default config, which will be applied to every request which uses the axiosClient instance, as shown in the below request.
We can group the Axios HTTP verbs, like
PATCH, in the base config file, as below.
Now we can import the custom functions directly wherever we need to make an API request, as in the below code.
The Axios timeout option allows setting the request timeout in milliseconds. It is easy to configure timeout in Axios. It can be defined in the base config itself, as we saw before.
timeout: 2000 // Request will be timeout after 2 seconds.
Using a request intercept, you can write or execute before it is sent. Check out the below code snippet.
Here we have added the
contentType header before the request is made. Request interceptors are asynchronous by default, which might cause some delay in Axios request execution. To avoid this, we have used
Using Request intercept you can write or execute before the response reaches
then. Response interceptors can be used to log out the user on token expiry (401 status) or you can refresh the token and make the failed request again to make the user stay on the same page, for good UX.
You can track upload progress in Axios very easily using the
onUploadProgress allows handling of progress events for uploads. This can be used to show the upload percentage live to the user, to acknowledge to them the upload is in progress. Check out the below code.
Axios is a great HTTP client package for React and its community. I hope you have found this useful. Thank you for reading.
Need to learn more? Feel free to connect on Twitter.
ReactJS Optimization Techniques and Development Resources
Top comments (13)
This is truly useful. Thanks a lot.
What is the need for
then(response => response)on each method? Did you intend to extract
datafrom the response so the consumer doesn't have to grab
dataeach time? Such as
).then(response => response.data);? Otherwise it could be removed to shorten those wrapper/helper methods.
To access the response like below
What happens when you remove
.then(response => response)from
getRequest(URL). Does it change how
const user = await getRequest('users');works at all?
So good 🙏
Great article 👏👏
super useful, thanks
sweet thank you
Amazing article. Super useful. Thank you ! ;-)
I recommend using fetch everywhere, as axios can become bundle bloat for UIs. You just don't need it, really.
Some comments have been hidden by the post's author - find out more