We've covered a lot of linux commands, and it's sometimes necessary to write the same command over and over again. On Linux and other Unix like systems, we can use the alias command to avoid the drudgery of typing the same thing over and over again. It lets us make custom commands that will run a specific command of our choosing.
The alias command has no options, so it can simply be written as shown:
How the alias Command works on Linux
Let's say we are constantly using the cd command to move into our documents folder. Instead of writing cd ~/Documents every time, we can define a new command which runs cd ~/Documents. I'm going to call it gtd (go to documents):
alias gtd="cd ~/Documents"
Now all we have to type into our terminal to go to our documents folder is
gtd, and it'll run cd
You can literally create any custom command with alias. Here is another example where we create a command mtf, which moves my-file.txt in the current folder to ./test/my-file.txt:
alias mtf="mv my-file.txt ./test/my-new-file.txt"
Alias only lasts for the session
The only thing to note about alias is that the commands created are not permanent. If you close the terminal window, you'll lose them - so they provide a nice efficiency boost for a session, but need to be redefined if you want to create them again. This is so you don't end up with many unused commands sitting around, and taking up name spaces.
If you think you've made a mistake, and want to remove an alias command, then just use
unalias. For example, to remove our
mtf command, we can run the following:
Top comments (2)
It's kind of "How to use alias command" I was expecting internals of Bash by this title.
It would also be nice to see that
aliasis not the same type of command as
aliasis builtin bash command and
findis executable program.
Maybe I'll write that one could be cool.