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Data Structures & Algorithms in JavaScript(Queue)

swarup260 profile image Swarup Das Updated on ・3 min read

Hello Everyone, This is part 3 in the series of blogs about data structures and Algorithms in JavaScript, In this blog, I will cover Queue data structure.

What is the Queue?

A Queue is a linear structure which follows a particular order in which the operations are performed. The order is FIFO(First In First Out)

A real-world example of a queue can be people standing at the bus stop where the first standing in the line will be the first person to get out of the line i.e. first in first out. If you compared it to a stack, the last person will be the first to leave.

This article will go through a list of following Queue DS,

  • Queue.
  • Deque(Double-ended queue).

List Of Operations Available

  • Enqueue : Insert an element at the end of the queue.
  • Dequeue : Remove an element from the front of the queue.
  • Front : Return the first element of the queue.
  • Size : Return Size of the queue.
  • isEmpty : Check if the queue is empty if empty return true else false.
  • Clear : Reset the queue.

Implementation of Queue in Javascript

let's define ES6 class name Queue, with properties, count which will keep track of the number of elements in the queue and items object which will store the elements. since we will be removing elements from the front of the queue, we also need a variable to help us track the first element. For this purpose, we declare the lowestCount variable

class Queue {
    constructor() {
        this.count = 0;
        this.lowestCount = 0;
        this.items = {};


Insert an element in the queue is same as the push method of the stack or as Array push method.

         this.items[this.count] = element;
         this.count ++;


To remove an element from the Queue, we first check if the Queue is empty if empty return undefined else store the lowestCount property element in a variable, To return the element after deletion, Delete the lowestCount item & increment the count by one. Dequeue method is same as the Array shift method which removes the first element.

         if (this.isEmpty()) {
             return undefined;
         let result = this.items[this.lowestCount]; 
         delete this.items[this.lowestCount]; 
         this.lowestCount ++; 
         return result; 



This method will return the item from the front of the queue (using the lowestCount as a key to retrieve the element value)

         if (this.isEmpty()) {
             return undefined;
         return this.items[this.lowestCount];



This method will return the size of the queue which is count minus the lowestCount.

size() {
        return this.count - this.lowestCount;

Example:-In the below queue items object, If the zeroth element was removed from the front of the queue, the lowest count will be one. The total count of the element will be two, therefore, the size of the queue will count-lowest count

let queue = {
   1: "1",
   2: "2",


isEmpty will return true if the queue is empty.

 isEmpty() {
         return this.size() === 0;


To clear all the elements from the queue, we can evoke the dequeue method until it returns undefined or we can simply reset the value of the Queue class properties to the same values as declared in its constructor

 clear() {
    this.items = {}
    this.count = 0;
    this.lowestCount = 0;
    return this.items;

you get the full source here

Conclusion :

Methods Complexity
equeue O(1)
dequeue O(1)
front O(1)
size O(1)

So, stay tuned for the next blog, in which cover another DS Deque.

Discussion (2)

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kulpras profile image
Prasanna Kulkarni

Nice post swarup.
One correction, please update this line Implementation of Stack in Javascript

swarup260 profile image