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Reactive Canvas with ClojureScript and Vue

deciduously profile image Ben Lovy Updated on ・5 min read

Or How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Ditch Custom Directives

Since writing my post Reactive Canvas with TypeScript and Vue I've discovered glue, a library for defining Vue components in ClojureScript. Ever the hipster, I had to give it a spin. This post details the same functionality as that post but using ClojureScript instead of TypeScript.

Setup

To start, you'll need to have a JDK installed. You'll also need to obtain leiningen which provides package managment and build tooling for Clojure/ClojureScript.

Once you've installed the above navigate to your project directory and issue: lein new figwheel rxcanvas-cljs. Navigate to your new folder rxcanvas-cljs and open up project.clj. We just need to make one change. Find your :dependencies key and make it look like this:


:dependencies [[org.clojure/clojure "1.9.0"]
              [org.clojure/clojurescript "1.10.238"]
              [org.clojure/core.async  "0.4.474"]
              [glue "0.1.3-SNAPSHOT"]]

We've just added glue to the list. Don't worry too much if your version numbers don't match exactly - this is just what the template came with on the date of this writing.

Now we execute lein figwheel. The first run will be the longest as it gathers dependencies. When it loads, open your browser to localhost:3449. When the page loads you should see the REPL prompt appear in your terminal - try issuing (js/alert "Hello from ClojureScript"):

// ...
[Rebel readline] Type :repl/help for online help info
ClojureScript 1.10.238
dev:cljs.user=> (js/alert "Hello from ClojureScript")

You should see the requested alert in your browser. Leave this running as you develop and when you're ready to close type :cljs/quit at the REPL prompt.

If you're new to figwheel take a moment to familiarize yourself with the blank project layout. There's not too much here. The dev directory just sets up some convenience functions, and our HTML and CSS will live in resources/public. It has pre-populated a .gitignore and a README.md for you. All of our logic will live in src/rxcanvas_cljs/core.cljs.

Add a template

We're not using Single-File Components. This would currently involve some non-trivial DIY plumbing. There's no vue-loader equivalent to do the parsing for us yet - you could write the first! If I'm wrong about this, somebody pipe up below.

We're just going to keep our template separate. Open up resources/public/index.html. The figwheel template comes with a div with the id app. We'll keep the div but replace the contents:

<div id="app">
  <rxcanvas></rxcanvas>
</div>

Now we can use the <template> tag to define our resizable dot component. Place this above the app div, directly following the opening <body> tag:

<template id="rxcanvas">
  <div>
    <span>{{ size }}</span>
    <input type="range" min="1" max="100" step="5" id="size" @change="drawDot">
    <label for="size">- Size</label>
    <p><canvas id="rx"></canvas></p>
  </div>
</template>

There are two changes from the TypeScript. For one, I've replaced v-model="size" in the range tag with @change="drawDot". This method will handle updating our state. I've also ditched the custom directive in the <canvas> tag, instead just assigning an id.

Add some Lisp

Now we get to the good stuff. Open up src/rxcanvas_cljs/core.cljs. First, we need to override the built-in atom with the one glue provides and bring the rest of the library into scope. Add the following to your ns form at the top of the file:

(ns rxcanvas-cljs.core
    (:refer-clojure :exclude [atom])
    (:require [glue.core :as g :refer [atom]]))

Leave in the (enable-console-print!) line at the top of the file - this allows us to use the browser console for output with println should we so choose - but delete everything else.

We'll start with the mount point:

(defonce app (g/vue {:el "#app"})

This locates the <div id="app"> from index.html and mounts our Vue stuff to it. We also need to make sure it keeps itself refreshed - add the following below:

(defn on-js-reload []
  (g/reset-state!))

ClojureScript is not object-oriented like TypeScript, so we'll just define a plain old function to handle the canvas drawing logic instead of a Dot class. Put this above your app definition:

(defn draw
  [radius canvas]
  (let [canvas-dim (* 2 radius)]
    ;; resize canvas
    (set! (.-width canvas) canvas-dim)
    (set! (.-height canvas) canvas-dim)

    ;; draw the shape
    (let [ctx (.getContext canvas "2d")
          center-x (/ (.-width canvas) 2)
          center-y (/ (.-height canvas) 2)]
      (set! (.-fillStyle ctx) "rgb(0,0,0)")
      (.clearRect ctx 0 0 (.-width canvas) (.-height canvas))
      (.beginPath ctx)
      (.arc ctx center-x center-y radius 0 (* 2 (.-PI js/Math)) false)
      (.fill ctx)
      (.stroke ctx))))

Interop is dirt simple - you just put the method in the first position of the s-expression. You can get and set properties via syntax like (.-PI js/Math). It's rather easy to get addicted to the hyper-regular syntax.

Now we're ready to define the component itself. With glue we use defcomponent, right below draw:

(g/defcomponent
  :rxcanvas
  {:template "#rxcanvas"
   :state (fn [] {:size (atom 10)})
   :methods {:draw-dot (fn [this state _]
      ;; update the state
      (reset! (:size state) (.-value (.querySelector js/document "#size")))
      ;; grab the new value and the canvas for drawing
      (draw @(:size state) (.querySelector js/document "#rx"))
      )}})

Instead of data() we're using the key :state but it still returns a function. We've explicitly stored the size in an atom, ClojureScript's mechanism for allowing mutability in an otherwise immutable language. This particular atom, as discussed, is from glue and has some extra goodness built in to ease use in Vue components. Using it we can access size using simple forms like (:size state).

Also note - in our template we style the method name drawDot, and in our ClojureScript it's called draw-dot. This is another part of what glue is handling!

We need the @ operator as in @(:size state) to get at the current value of the atom in our call to draw.

That's it! Now our canvas will resize and redraw on each change to our slider.

The completed code can be found here.

Discussion

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yorodm profile image
Yoandy Rodriguez Martinez

Long time since I've seen people interested in Clojure or ClojureScript, kudos for your post!

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deciduously profile image
Ben Lovy Author

Tragic, that - though your penchant for Common Lisp is even more rare!

I'm not giving up on it :D

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yorodm profile image
Yoandy Rodriguez Martinez

Lisp is beautiful in all it's flavors, and Clojure managed to make it even sexier :D

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gypsydave5 profile image
David Wickes

Yeah, more Clojure and Common Lisp please!

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yorodm profile image
Yoandy Rodriguez Martinez

See? This guy gets it XD

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orestis profile image
Orestis Markou

Nice! Thanks for posting this.

You could use reset! instead of swap! - it does what you want, reset the atom to a single value rather than using a function. :)

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deciduously profile image
Ben Lovy Author

Aha! Thank you thank you, I forgot about this - clearly a bit rusty :) I'll update the post, that's much clearer.