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# Daily Challenge #59 - Snail Sort

```array = [[1,2,3],
[4,5,6],
[7,8,9]]
snail(array) #=> [1,2,3,6,9,8,7,4,5]
```

Given an array of `n * x`, return the array elements arranged from outermost elements to the middle element, traveling clockwise. Do not sort the elements from lowest to highest, instead traverse the 2-D array in a clockwise, snailshell pattern.

These examples will clarify the challenge:

```array = [[1,2,3],
[8,9,4],
[7,6,5]]
snail(array) #=> [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]
```

An empty matrix would be represented as [[]].

Below are some matrices to test your code on. Good luck, have fun!

```(snail([[]]));

(snail([[1]]));

(snail([[1, 2, 3],
[4, 5, 6],
[7, 8, 9]));

(snail([[1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
[6, 7, 8, 9, 10],
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15],
[16, 17, 18, 19, 20],
[21, 22, 23, 24, 25]]));

(snail([[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6],
[20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 7],
[19, 32, 33, 34, 25, 8],
[18, 31, 36, 35, 26, 9],
[17, 30, 29, 28, 27, 10],
[16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11]]));
```

Today's challenge comes from stevenbarragan on CodeWars. Thank you to CodeWars, who has licensed redistribution of this challenge under the 2-Clause BSD License!

Want to propose a challenge idea for a future post? Email yo+challenge@dev.to with your suggestions!

La blatte

Here it is!

``````snail = arr =>
arr.length > 1
? [
...arr.shift(),
...arr.map(e => e.pop()),
...arr.pop().reverse(),
...arr.reverse().map(e => e.shift())
].concat(arr.length ? snail(arr.reverse()) : [])
: arr[0];
``````

It works kinda litterally:

• Take the first line of the array
• Add every remaining last element
• Add the last line, reversed
• Reverse the array, and return every first element
• Restart, with the remaining elements

And the results:

``````snail([[]])
[]
snail([[1]])
[1]
snail([[1, 2, 3],
[4, 5, 6],
[7, 8, 9]]);
(9) [1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 8, 7, 4, 5]
snail([[1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
[6, 7, 8, 9, 10],
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15],
[16, 17, 18, 19, 20],
[21, 22, 23, 24, 25]]);
(25) [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 24, 23, 22, 21, 16, 11, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 19, 18, 17, 12, 13]
snail([[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6],
[20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 7],
[19, 32, 33, 34, 25, 8],
[18, 31, 36, 35, 26, 9],
[17, 30, 29, 28, 27, 10],
[16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11]])
(36) [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36]
``````

Melvin Yeo

Solution in Python based on La blatte's wonderful implementation if anyone is interested!

``````def snail(arr):
return arr[0] if len(arr) == 1 else [*arr.pop(0), *[elem.pop() for elem in arr], *arr.pop()[::-1], *[elem.pop(0) for elem in arr[::-1]]] + snail(arr) if len(arr) else []
``````

Chris Achard

Much cleaner than mine! Nicely done 🎉

Cagatay Kaya

I did the same thing with nearly 10x more code. Great work!

Craig McIlwrath

``````middle :: [a] -> [a]
middle [] = []
middle [_] = []
middle [_,_] = []
middle xs = init \$ tail xs

snail :: [[a]] -> [a]
snail [] = []
snail [x] = x
snail (x:xs) = let middleRows = init xs
in x ++
map last xs ++
reverse (init (last xs)) ++
snail (map middle middleRows)
``````

Mat-R-Such

Python

``````def remove (a):
# remove first row
a = a[1:]
return a
def reversedMy (a):
# reverse array
a= list(reversed(a))
# reverse any row in array
return [list(reversed(a[i])) for i in range(len(a))]
def snail (a):
if len(a[0]) == 0:      return [[]]
maks = len(a)*len(a[0])
tab= []
while len(tab) < maks:

for i in range(len(a[0])):
tab.append(a[0][i])

a = remove(a)
m = len(a)

for i in range(0,m):
tab.append(a[i][m])
a[i].pop(m)

a = reversedMy(a)

return tab
``````

Chris Achard

Tricky! Not sure I found the most efficient way to do it - but it works, and I think it's relatively clean(ish) :)

Watch me solve it too: youtu.be/h-OzkY1_8mU

``````const snail = array => {
const middle = array.slice(1, array.length - 1).map(row =>
row.slice(1, row.length - 1)
)

return [
array[0],
array.slice(1, array.length - 1).map(row =>
row[row.length - 1]
),
array.length > 1 ? array[array.length - 1].reverse() : [],
array.slice(1, array.length - 1).reverse().map(row =>
row[0]
),
middle.length > 0 ? snail(middle) : []
].flat()
}
``````

Antonio Turner

Hey Chris, I made a replica of your solution translated to Python3.5 or greater.

``````from itertools import chain

def snail(arr):
mid = list(map(lambda row : row[slice(1, len(row)-1)], arr[slice(1,len(arr)-1)]))

return list(chain.from_iterable([
arr[0],
list(map(lambda row: row[len(row)-1], arr[slice(1,len(arr)-1)])),
list(reversed(arr[len(arr)-1])) if len(arr) > 1 else [],
list(map(lambda row: row[0],list(reversed(arr[slice(1,len(arr)-1)])))),
snail(mid) if len(mid) > 0 else []

]))if len(arr) >= 1 else [[]]

``````

Cagatay Kaya

It only works where both of the lengths of the arrays are equal. Otherwise, it adds cute 'undefined' in the end. Also, these if checks are there for safety. They may be ugly and repetitive but I did not want the calculate every other case.

``````const snail = input => {
let finalResult = [];
while (
typeof input != "undefined" &&
input != null &&
input.length != null &&
input.length > 0
) {
const a = input.length;
//take first line in whole
if (
typeof input != "undefined" &&
input != null &&
input.length != null &&
input.length > 0
) {
result = [...input.shift()];
}

//take end of each line
if (
typeof input != "undefined" &&
input != null &&
input.length != null &&
input.length > 0
) {
for (let index = 0; index < a - 1; index++) {
const element = input[index].pop();
result.push(element);
}
}
//take last line in reverse
if (
typeof input != "undefined" &&
input != null &&
input.length != null &&
input.length > 0
) {
result = [...result, ...input.pop().reverse()];
}

//take start of each middle line
if (
typeof input != "undefined" &&
input != null &&
input.length != null &&
input.length > 0
) {
for (let index = a - 3; index > -1; index--) {
const element = input[index].shift();
result.push(element);
}
}
//add this loop's result to finalResult
finalResult = [...finalResult, ...result];
}
console.log(finalResult);
};
``````

Anders • Edited

A different take, this one might not appear as elegant, but it is quite a lot faster than the previous variants:

``````function snail(m) {

if (m.length <= 1) { return m; }

var max = { x: m.length - 1, y: m.length - 1 };
var min = { x: 0, y: 0 };
var current = { x: 0, y: 0 };
var direction = { x: 1, y: 0 };
var output = [];
var resultSize = m.length * m.length;

while (output.length != resultSize) {

output.push(m[current.y][current.x]);

current.x += direction.x;
current.y += direction.y;

if (current.x > max.x) {

direction.x = 0; direction.y = 1; min.y += 1; current.x = max.x; current.y += 1;

} else if (current.x < min.x) {

direction.x = 0; direction.y = -1; max.y -= 1; current.x = min.x; current.y -= 1;

} else if (current.y > max.y) {

direction.x = -1; direction.y = 0; max.x -= 1; current.y = max.y; current.x -= 1;

} else if (current.y < min.y) {

direction.x = 1; direction.y = 0; min.x += 1; current.y = min.y; current.x += 1;
}
}

return output;
}
``````

Anders • Edited

So there was supposed to be an image attached, but it doesn't seem to work, anyhow, for those curious JSBench.me gives the following results:

Above one
2,508,265 ops/s ±0.46%

Chris Achards
411,247 ops/s ±1.04%

La blattes
364,899 ops/s ±3.35%

(Firefox, Windows)

snail([[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6],
[20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 7],
[19, 32, 33, 34, 25, 8],
[18, 31, 36, 35, 26, 9],
[17, 30, 29, 28, 27, 10],
[16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11]]);

Oleksii Filonenko

Reminds me of this task on Exercism :)

Olek Ria