## DEV Community

Abhishek Chaudhary

Posted on

# Missing Number

Given an array nums containing n distinct numbers in the range [0, n], return the only number in the range that is missing from the array.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [3,0,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: n = 3 since there are 3 numbers, so all numbers are in the range [0,3]. 2 is the missing number in the range since it does not appear in nums.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [0,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: n = 2 since there are 2 numbers, so all numbers are in the range [0,2]. 2 is the missing number in the range since it does not appear in nums.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [9,6,4,2,3,5,7,0,1]
Output: 8
Explanation: n = 9 since there are 9 numbers, so all numbers are in the range [0,9]. 8 is the missing number in the range since it does not appear in nums.

Constraints:

• n == nums.length
• 1 <= n <= 104
• 0 <= nums[i] <= n
• All the numbers of nums are unique.

Follow up: Could you implement a solution using only O(1) extra space complexity and O(n) runtime complexity?

SOLUTION:

class Solution:
def missingNumber(self, nums: List[int]) -> int:
n = len(nums)
currxor = 0
allxor = n
for i in range(n):
currxor ^= nums[i]
allxor ^= i
return currxor ^ allxor