DEV Community

Abhishek Chaudhary
Abhishek Chaudhary

Posted on

Unique Morse Code Words

International Morse Code defines a standard encoding where each letter is mapped to a series of dots and dashes, as follows:

  • 'a' maps to ".-",
  • 'b' maps to "-...",
  • 'c' maps to "-.-.", and so on.

For convenience, the full table for the 26 letters of the English alphabet is given below:


Given an array of strings words where each word can be written as a concatenation of the Morse code of each letter.

  • For example, "cab" can be written as "-.-..--...", which is the concatenation of "-.-.", ".-", and "-...". We will call such a concatenation the transformation of a word.

Return the number of different transformations among all words we have.

Example 1:

Input: words = ["gin","zen","gig","msg"]
Output: 2
Explanation: The transformation of each word is:
"gin" -> "--...-."
"zen" -> "--...-."
"gig" -> "--...--."
"msg" -> "--...--."
There are 2 different transformations: "--...-." and "--...--.".

Example 2:

Input: words = ["a"]
Output: 1


  • 1 <= words.length <= 100
  • 1 <= words[i].length <= 12
  • words[i] consists of lowercase English letters.


class Solution:
    def toMorse(self, s):
        morseMap = [".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--","-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."]
        return "".join([morseMap[ord(c)-ord('a')] for c in s])

    def uniqueMorseRepresentations(self, words: List[str]) -> int:
        return len(set([self.toMorse(w) for w in words]))
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Top comments (0)