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Abhishek Chaudhary
Abhishek Chaudhary

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Subtree of Another Tree

Given the roots of two binary trees root and subRoot, return true if there is a subtree of root with the same structure and node values of subRoot and false otherwise.

A subtree of a binary tree tree is a tree that consists of a node in tree and all of this node's descendants. The tree tree could also be considered as a subtree of itself.

Example 1:

Input: root = [3,4,5,1,2], subRoot = [4,1,2]
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: root = [3,4,5,1,2,null,null,null,null,0], subRoot = [4,1,2]
Output: false


  • The number of nodes in the root tree is in the range [1, 2000].
  • The number of nodes in the subRoot tree is in the range [1, 1000].
  • -104 <= root.val <= 104
  • -104 <= subRoot.val <= 104


# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
#     def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
#         self.val = val
#         self.left = left
#         self.right = right
class Solution:
    def isSameTree(self, p: Optional[TreeNode], q: Optional[TreeNode]) -> bool:
        if not p or not q:
            if p or q:
                return False
            return True
        if p.val == q.val and self.isSameTree(p.left, q.left) and self.isSameTree(p.right, q.right):
            return True

    def isSubtree(self, root: Optional[TreeNode], subRoot: Optional[TreeNode]) -> bool:
        if self.isSameTree(root, subRoot):
            return True
        if not root or not subRoot:
            return False
        return self.isSubtree(root.left, subRoot) or self.isSubtree(root.right, subRoot)
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